Pigment spots are flat spots on the skin of a darker color (when compared with the tone of the main epidermis), which are the body’s response to the influence of external or internal factors. They do not pose a health hazard, but can cause aesthetic discomfort. To eliminate pigmentation, you can use folk whitening products or creams sold in a pharmacy.
Causes of age spots
It is recommended to use whitening creams from age spots (in the pharmacy you can buy products of different compositions for skin with any sensitivity), after you visit a specialist, as individual selection of the product is required (by skin type, age and the presence of chronic pathologies, especially dermatological ones).
Consultation with a dermatologist or therapist is also necessary to identify the causes of a violation in the production and distribution of melanin in the skin (a coloring pigment that affects the color of the epidermis).
The causes of pigmentation include:
- prolonged exposure to direct sunlight;
- frequent visits to the solarium;
- increased sensitivity of the skin to ultraviolet light;
- non-compliance with the rules after cosmetic procedures (deep peeling, hardware-based skin rejuvenation, laser hair removal);
- hormonal imbalance after childbirth or during menopause;
- violation of metabolic processes in the body;
- improper selection of cosmetics;
- diseases of the digestive tract (especially the liver) and kidneys;
- dermatological pathologies;
- damage to the integrity of the epidermis (burns, non-observance of the rules when eliminating acne or boils);
- prolonged stress or frequent nervous breakdowns;
- uncontrolled consumption of alcohol, fatty foods or smoking abuse;
- non-compliance with the rules for the use of hormonal drugs or drugs with a phototoxic effect;
- side effect from taking certain groups of medicines (mainly antibiotics);
- slagging of the body;
- heredity at the genetic level.
Weakened immunity or lack of vitamins can also be provoking factors. If the cause of the spots is pathological changes in the body (gastrointestinal diseases, hormonal failure or dermatological diseases), then the initial cause of pigmentation is required to be eliminated. Treatment can be carried out with the simultaneous use of whitening creams.
How to choose a good whitening cream
Whitening creams from age spots (in the pharmacy you can get additional advice on the use and quality of the drug) even with the same composition, but from different manufacturers, can have a different effect.
Therefore, when choosing a tool, you must adhere to the following rules:
- choose only certified drugs;
- funds containing hydrochion are not recommended for use (especially during lactation and pregnancy). The substance can provoke the development of cancer cells and disrupt the formation and development of the fetus;
- familiarize yourself with the composition before buying to exclude a possible allergic reaction to the components;
- among the components should not be preservatives, dyes or flavorings;
- do not purchase the cream if its shelf life expires in 3-4 months;
- when choosing, take into account the type of skin and age parameter;
- during the period of carrying a child or breastfeeding, only select approved drugs. Consultation with a specialist is necessary;
- avoid buying whitening cream with a mark for any skin type;
- choose the appropriate time for applying the cream (night or day);
- give preference to tubes with a dispenser. When you purchase funds in a bank during use, microbes can enter the composition (from the hands, from the air);
- check the tightness of the packaging. If it is violated, then the shelf life of the product is reduced. Such a tool is not recommended;
- availability of instructions for the rules of use.
It is additionally recommended to pay attention to the presence in the cream of protection against ultraviolet rays. Before applying the cream, it is necessary to test for an allergic reaction (apply the composition on the shoulder and wait at least 24 hours) if it can be used negatively.
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Components of whitening creams
Whitening creams lighten age spots by affecting the production of melanin by cells. The effectiveness and safety of the drug depends on the composition, which can be found in the instructions or at the pharmacist in the pharmacy.
List of the main components of whitening creams:
|Hydrohion||It is an effective substance for lightening the skin (reduces the production of melanin). But due to its high toxicity, its use in clarifying creams is limited.|
|Kojic acid||Also reduces the production of melanin, but not as much as hydrochion. It has no destructive effect on cells.|
|Gluconic acid||Enhances the action of all components, including the whitening effect.|
|Vitamin C||Improves cell regeneration and softens the action of aggressive components on the epidermis.|
|Arbutin||Reduces the production of melanin and additionally has antiseptic properties.|
|Beta carotene||Protects skin from aging, ultraviolet radiation and the development of cancer cells.|
|Rucinol||Reduces the production of melanin by whitening the skin.|
|It normalizes the metabolism in epidermal cells, preventing the formation of new age spots.|
|Tretinol||Improves the absorption of cream components to deep layers of the skin. Activates cell regeneration.|
|Bismuth salt||It is an antiseptic. Accelerates the regeneration of skin cells.|
|Hyaluronic acid||Restores collagen production, as a result, the elasticity and elasticity of the skin are normalized.|
|Calendula and grape oil||Enrich the skin with vitamins and minerals.|
|Parsley, lemon or cucumber extracts||They are natural whitening ingredients.|
Depending on the composition, whitening creams are divided into:
- natural. Do not contain chemical components. Carefully remove age spots;
- vitamin. The composition is enriched with vitamins and minerals. Along with the elimination of pigmentation contributes to the rejuvenation of the epidermis;
- hormonal. The basis of the drug is a hormone that provides quick and effective whitening. Prohibited for frequent and prolonged use. Dangerous adverse reactions.
The type of whitening cream must be selected depending on the severity of pigmentation and the presence of restrictions on the composition.
How to use skin whitening creams
Whitening creams from age spots (in the pharmacy you can buy both prescription and over-the-counter drugs) have an effect on the production of melanin and the condition of the skin, therefore it is necessary to use the products with caution and following the rules of use:
- Perform a test for a possible allergic reaction.
- Cleanse the skin from dirt and cosmetics with a cleanser (lotion, soap, tonic).
- Wait for the epidermis to dry.
- Apply the composition evenly on the rash zone. Make sure that the cream does not get on the eyelids, mucous membranes and the skin around the lips;
- After 5-10 minutes, the non-absorbed cream is removed with a cotton pad.
- In the daytime, you must use tools to protect the skin from ultraviolet rays.
- Do not use the product longer than the maximum indicated course on the package (usually 21 days). This will increase the likelihood of side effects and increase skin sensitivity.
The greatest whitening effect is observed when using the cream at night, as well as in the autumn-winter period, when active sunlight is reduced. To accelerate skin lightening, it is recommended to additionally deeply cleanse the skin (scrubs, special washcloths).
TOP good inexpensive pharmacy creams for age spots
Whitening creams from age spots (in the pharmacy the probability of acquiring a fake is minimal) differ in the effectiveness of the action. The most popular among buyers are the funds discussed below.
Green pharmacy. The minimum price is from $ 0,68.
|It has a natural composition (Shea butter, lemon and parsley), which provides gentle skin lightening and protects from exposure to sunlight. Additionally, it nourishes the skin, accelerates cell regeneration and prevents the reappearance of pigmentation.||White, has a uniform consistency of sour cream, is quickly absorbed without leaving a greasy shine. It does not have a pungent smell, as it does not contain fragrances.||The cream can be used during pregnancy and as a basis for makeup. It eliminates freckles and age-related pigmentation.
Of the side effects, only the development of an allergic reaction to the composition. Of the minuses, long-term use is required to achieve the desired result.
|The cream is required to be applied 2 times a day. It is allowed to additionally be used before going outside with increased activity of sunlight.|
Biocon. The minimum cost of $ 1,9.
|The multicomponent natural composition allows you to whiten age spots, eliminate redness and prevent the development of the inflammatory process. Helps maintain water balance in the cells of the epidermis and protects against ultraviolet radiation.||It has a dense uniform consistency of white color. Easy to apply and leaves no gloss.||The tool is approved for use during the period of gestation and lactation, as well as for children. The cream allows you to lighten freckles, age-related pigmentation, and also helps to eliminate acne. It is allowed to use as a base for makeup.
It has no side effects other than allergies. Cons of the cream are not marked.
|The product must be used in the morning and evening hours on clean, damp skin.|
Achromin. The minimum price is from $ 2,04.
|It consists of natural components that lighten pigmentation, eliminate inflammation and irritation on the skin. Protects from sunlight.||Cream of
white color with a homogeneous consistency without a pronounced odor. After application to the skin, a slight oily sheen is possible.
|Successfully lightens freckles, age-related pigmentation and skin dermatological rashes of a non-infectious nature.
The disadvantages include the ban on use during pregnancy / lactation and up to 12 years (there is a high probability of developing an allergy to the composition).
|Apply cream 2 times a day for at least 14 days. Allowed for additional use during the day, 2 hours before going outside, with increased activity of the sun.|
Vitex Ideal Whitening. The minimum cost of $ 2,45.
|The composition provides skin hydration, lightening age spots and protects against ultraviolet rays. Additionally accelerates cell regeneration and pore cleansing.||White, has the consistency of sour cream. Easy to apply and absorb quickly.||The cream effectively eliminates freckles and age-related pigmentation, pinpointing only spots.
Application during the period of gestation / lactation and in childhood is not recommended.
|Apply the product before going to bed (when choosing a night cream) or in the morning (when choosing a day cream) for no longer than 30 days.|
Himalaya Herbals. The minimum price is from $ 4,76.
|The natural composition helps to lighten pigmentation and protects against ultraviolet radiation. It additionally moisturizes and restores skin elasticity.||It has a dense homogeneous texture of pale peach color. After absorption, the skin looks dull (without shine). It is distinguished by a pungent smell of herbs.||It is used to eliminate age spots of any nature (age-related, from sunlight, due to liver pathologies). Suitable for any type of skin.
To eliminate pigmentation requires long-term use. Incomplete stain removal is possible. During lactation / pregnancy and in childhood, the use is not recommended.
|Use the cream 1-2 times a day for at least 14 days.|
ECO Laboratorie. The minimum price is from $ 1,77.
|It has a natural base that provides lightening spots. The cream also nourishes and moisturizes the epidermis and prevents the development of inflammation.||White with a dense uniform structure. The smell is mild.||Effectively eliminates age-related pigmentation and freckles.
When carrying a child up to 12 years of age, use with extreme caution because of the likelihood of an allergic reaction.
|Apply the composition in the morning and evening hours to the affected area for at least 15 days.|
Tony Moly Panda’s Dream White Magic Cream. The minimum cost of $ 6,8.
|Natural ingredients have whitening, decongestant and moisturizing effects. They also normalize blood circulation and inhibit the development of cancer cells.||White cream has a sour cream consistency. It does not leave shine.||The cream effectively removes age spots, bruises under the eyes and evens out skin tone. It can be used as a base for makeup, as well as for sensitive skin.
During pregnancy / lactation and in childhood, it is used with the permission of a doctor.
|Means is required to be applied 2 times during the day. After application, a light massage is recommended.|
Secretkey Snow White Moisture Cream. The minimum price is from $ 6,8.
|The composition provides the elimination of pigmentation, tissue nutrition and restores skin elasticity. Additionally moisturizes and activates cell regeneration.||Thick white cream with a uniform consistency. It does not leave shine and has a delicate aroma.||The cream can be used both to eliminate age spots, and to rejuvenate the skin. Suitable as a base for makeup. It can be used for any type of skin.
Use during pregnancy / lactation and in childhood is not recommended.
|The composition is applied to the skin 1 time per day, followed by a light massage.|
Skinolite. The minimum cost of $ 19.
|The composition helps to eliminate age spots, protects against ultraviolet radiation and moisturizes the skin. It also has an exfoliating and pronounced antimicrobial effect. It has a hormonal basis.||Cream of a homogeneous consistency, does not leave shine.||It eliminates age-related pigmentation of the skin and prevents its reappearance. It is a powerful tool.
During pregnancy / lactation and up to 18 years of age, the use is prohibited. To purchase a recipe is required.
|Apply 2 times a day. With enhanced pigmentation, single use is allowed throughout the day. Do not use longer than 3 weeks.|
Bergamo Moselle Whitening Ex Whitening Cream. The minimum price is from $ 15.
|The cream removes pigmentation, moisturizes and nourishes the skin. It also prevents acne and protects from sunlight.||It has a thick white consistency. Absorbs quickly without leaving shine. Sold in jars.||It eliminates age-related pigmentation, freckle
s and redness of the skin. Suitable for any skin type.
Inconvenient to dose. During the period of gestation / lactation and in childhood, apply after consultation with a doctor.
|Use the cream 1-2 times a day.|
Natura Siberica. The minimum price is from $ 6,8.
|The natural composition eliminates pigmentation, moisturizes and nourishes the skin. Protects from ultraviolet radiation.||It has a delicate, peach-colored consistency. Oily shine is quickly absorbed.||Effectively eliminates age-related pigmentation, as well as inflammatory processes on the skin and postpartum stretch marks. It has no side effects even with prolonged use. It is allowed to use in childhood, during lactation / pregnancy, and also as a basis for makeup.
No flaws noted.
|Apply cream to the skin 1-2 times a day.|
Mama Comfort. The minimum price is from $ 4,08.
|Natural ingredients whiten, nourish and moisturize the skin. Additionally eliminates inflammation and irritation.||It has a uniform consistency and a delicate aroma. Absorbed completely.||It allows you to eliminate pigmentation of any type (age-related, from exposure to rays or as a result of pathological changes) and actively fights stretch marks. Prevents the development of acne. Allowed use in lactation and pregnancy.
Negative sides are absent.
|Apply the product on the skin 2 times during the day.|
KORA. The minimum cost of $ 3,4.
|Natural components of the product eliminate age spots, as well as acne and redness of the skin. Additionally nourishes and moisturizes the epidermis. Protects the skin from sun exposure.||The product has a thick texture of pale peach color.||Allows you to eliminate both freckles and age-related pigmentation. Allowed use during pregnancy.
Cons are absent.
|The composition is applied 2 times throughout the day.|
Vichy. The minimum cost of $ 18.
|The composition provides the elimination of age spots, protects against ultraviolet radiation and restores capillaries. It also has an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect.||The cream has a gentle uniform consistency with a neutral odor.||Eliminates freckles, pigmentation and redness of the skin. Suitable for sensitive skin and long-term use (the frequency of applying the product is prohibited to increase). Allowed to use during pregnancy.
Cons were not registered.
|Apply 2 times a day. The effect is noted towards the end of the first week.|
The table below shows whitening creams for the face and neck. But these companies also produce products for hands and body. Whitening creams can not only eliminate age spots, but also nourish and moisturize the skin (most of the products), and some formulations can simultaneously eliminate stretch marks.
When choosing a product, it is important to pay attention to the composition, skin type and age. In the presence of chronic diseases, acquire the product after consulting with a specialist. Importantly, a certified cream can only be purchased at a specialized store or pharmacy.
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