Many people have dandruff. In addition to an unsightly aesthetic appearance, dandruff is also an enemy for hair. The resulting crust blocks the flow of air, weakens the roots, which causes hair loss. To know how to remove it from the head, you need to understand the nature of the occurrence and the causes of the appearance.
- Types of Dandruff
- Causes of Dry Dandruff
- Causes of Oily Dandruff
- Varieties of Oily Seborrhea
- What herbs help with dandruff
- Drug treatment
- Antifungal drugs
- Dandruff Soap
- Dandruff Oil
- Sea dandruff salt
- Folk remedies for the treatment of dry dandruff
- Homemade dandruff mask recipes
- How to remove dandruff in 1 day
- Remove dandruff from a newborn
- Useful products for getting rid of dandruff
- Video: how to remove dandruff from the head
Types of Dandruff
Depending on the functioning of the sebaceous glands, dandruff is divided into 2 types:
- Dry . It is observed with reduced functioning of the sebaceous glands. It is small in size, easily detachable, looks like a fine powder on the head. It spreads over the entire surface of the head, with greater localization on the frontal part and crown of the head.
- Oily . Accordingly, it is observed with increased functioning of the glands. In appearance, it is large in size, due to impregnation with a greasy secret, it is poorly separated from the hair. It can cause itching, because as a result of clogging of the glands of the sebaceous and sweat, it is not the nerve endings that are irritated.
Causes of Dry Dandruff
How to remove dandruff from the head, not knowing the factors leading to its appearance, is almost impossible. To date, the exact cause of dandruff has not been fully identified. Some as the main reason distinguish the insufficient functioning of the head glands, which causes a violation of the regenerative processes of the skin.
Others consider the fungus, which multiplies as a result of a decrease in immunity, to be the main culprit.
There are also a number of reasons:
- disruptions in metabolism;
- hormonal imbalance;
- change of climatic conditions;
- lack of vitamins;
- gastrointestinal problems;
- long-term antibiotic treatment; stressful conditions;
- hardness of water;
- improper use of cosmetics.
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Causes of Oily Dandruff
The normal functioning of the glands directly depends on the hormonal balance in the body.
There are a number of main reasons for the formation of oily dandruff:
- disturbances in the hormonal balance caused by various diseases;
- stressful conditions;
- improper diet, eating fatty foods cooked by frying;
- heredity and predisposition at the genetic level.
Varieties of Oily Seborrhea
Seborrhea occurs under the influence of the fungus Pityrosporumovale. It is located on the skin, but with normal immunity does not bring any discomfort.
Under the influence of some factors, it begins to spread actively, certain symptoms arise, according to which seborrhea is divided into thick and liquid:
- Thick . It appears as a thickening of the skin on the head. Rough, very different from healthy skin. The hair shaft becomes coarse, inelastic, the sebaceous glands expand. The skin becomes brownish, quickly fouled. With improper and untimely cleansing of the skin, atheroma can occur. A gradual increase in size leads to the fact that you have to remove only with the help of surgical intervention. As a rule, this is a problem inherent in adolescence.
- Liquid . It appears in an unhealthy and unaesthetic form of hair. After using hygiene products, after a few hours they get the same look. It manifests itself in skin irritation, inflammation of the sebaceous glands, in itching. Ignoring treatment may cause hair loss.
What herbs help with dandruff
How to remove the problem with herbs has been known for a long time. Often decoctions are the main components of cosmetic preparations against dandruff, it is also removed from the head when used in their pure form at home.
The list of herbs that can eliminate dandruff:
- Nettles . Helps to improve blood circulation to the scalp, growth, hair strengthening.
- Burdock . It is able to degrease the skin, promotes the growth and strengthening of hair.
- Chamomile . Thanks to its antiseptic properties, it disinfects the head, relieves inflammation and itching.
- Lavender . It normalizes the functioning of the glands, relieves itching, and has a calming effect.
- Calendula . Soothes, relieves irritation, softens, nourishes with minerals.
- Sage . Eliminates excessive fat, relieves irritation.
- Rosemary . Eliminates excessive fat content, improves blood circulation.
- Coltsfoot . Helps prevent hair loss, relieves irritation.
- Birch (leaves, buds). Thanks to birch tar, located in the kidneys, it is effective in the treatment of dandruff, high fat content, prevents loss, has antimicrobial properties.
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How to remove dandruff from the head with the help of drugs becomes known when identifying the causes of its occurrence.
Such funds are presented in the form of shampoos, lotions, creams:
- Shampoo is the most convenient, practical way to fix the problem. Regular use allows you to achieve the desired effect after 2-6 weeks. Specialized shampoos include: Nizoral, Dermazole, Sebozol, Sulsena, Friderm.
- Creams or ointments . An effective product with a period of use of at least 1-2 months. These include: Sulsen, ointment sulfuric-salicylic, Nizoral cream, ointment hydrocartisone.
Lotion . It
is rubbed into the skin after using shampoo, so it is advisable to use it in combination. These include: Fitoval, Subrina, Ducrei, IvRoche lotions.
- Masks . They are able to solve several problems at once: regulate fat loss and disinfect the skin. Their action is also aimed at strengthening and restoring hair. For example, the “About SimSensitive” mask.
Some medications should not be used without professional advice.
For effective elimination, it is necessary to correctly determine the cause of education. If it is a consequence of any internal problems, the use of drugs will be inconclusive. Often the presence of dandruff is the result of malnutrition, stressful conditions. It is necessary to remove the cause, and treat the consequences with it.
How to remove dandruff from the head with antifungal agents should, first of all, learn from a specialist. If the problem is very serious, and external remedies fail, the treatment is supplemented with tablets. Depending on the degree of the disease and the individual characteristics of the body, a drug and a regimen are prescribed.
These most common drugs include:
- Nystin . It is taken orally, and is also used as a supplement to medical shampoo. Crush a few dragees, dissolve. The liquid is spread over the head after shampooing. Massage the skin, rinse optional.
- Nizoral . Available in the form of dragees. It is used for diseases with severe symptoms. It is taken in combination with shampoo, the result is possible in a month. Continues until the causative agent is eliminated.
- Nystatitis – effective for fungal skin diseases, gastrointestinal tract. Before taking, it is necessary to determine the cause of the formation of dandruff. Components actively affect the condition of the hair. Applied externally, crush a few tablets, add to shampoo. Massage, soak, rinse.
- Aspirin is not only an antipyretic, but also effective in the fight against dandruff. Acetylsalicylic acid is able to inhibit the growth of the fungus. Crush a few tablets, add to the shampoo. In this way, wash several times a week. Aspirin is recommended to be added to the composition of masks from natural ingredients.
Soap is widely used in the fight against dandruff. It is affordable and easy to use, while it has a wide antifungal quality. Tar, laundry and sulfur soap are used.
The main action:
- relieve itching;
- disinfect, for example, the basis of tar soap is tar of birch, known for its antimicrobial qualities;
- enhance hair growth;
- effectively remove the remnants of exfoliated skin and fat;
- tarry, able to dry the skin.
Due to the specificity of the smell, some refuse to use them. After use, it is recommended to rinse your head with lemon or vinegar water, use air conditioning. The result from the application is not instant, the course is designed for a month. Soap can be used as a detergent or as a mask.
If there is no trust in industrial means, it can be done independently.
Soap has no contraindications, except for the individual characteristics of the body and the reaction to the components. If the scalp is dry, it is recommended to use oil, in particular burdock.
Oils are not medicines, but at the same time they effectively fight the problem of dandruff, because they have antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties, normalize the glands, tone the skin, improve blood circulation, improve hair condition and growth. After achieving the result, it is recommended to continue to use as a prophylactic.
These oils include:
- Castor . The oil has pronounced antifungal properties. Helps hydrate the skin.
- Burdock . It has a large amount of vitamins, trace elements that can effectively eliminate dandruff. The main component is inulin – a sorbent of natural origin. It has antibacterial qualities, cleanses the skin, removes toxins.
- Tea tree . It contains terpienol substances, their action is aimed at combating dandruff.
- Coconut . It contains a large amount of triglyceride substances. They help reduce itching, hair growth. Effective in certain types of dermatitis. Used in combination with getting rid of lice.
- Olive . It relieves peeling, dandruff, prevents dry skin.
- Flaxseed . It is well absorbed, relieves dandruff, nourishes the skin, and prevents loss.
All oils can be used alone, together with other oils or as part of masks with natural ingredients.
Sea dandruff salt
One of the means of traditional medicine is salt, and it does not occupy the last place. It is used independently, in combination with oils or decoctions of herbs.
Salt has on the skin:
- antimicrobial, antifungal effect;
- normalizes the work of the glands;
- when massaging the head, blood supply and nutrition of the hair roots improves;
- growth stimulation occurs.
The use is recommended for no more than 3 months, while there should be no injuries to the scalp. Not recommended for dry hair owners.
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Folk remedies for the treatment of dry dandruff
How to remove dandruff from the head with the help of folk remedies has long been known. They are quite effective with dandruff in addition to drugs.
- Apple cider vinegar 6% . It is used as a rinse, mask (apply, soak for a quarter of an hour), the main component in the composition of masks with medicinal herbs.
- Egg yolks . Mix with lemon juice and oil (burdock). Use as a mask.
- Egg yolk, aloe juice, honey, oil (for dandruff), mayonnaise . Mix, use as a mask.
Homemade dandruff mask recipes
Masks for dandruff provide for a course of treatment, from a single use, the result will not be:
- From the leaves of yarrow make a decoction, mix with vinegar in equal parts. Use as a mask.
- Rub garlic juice into the head and stand for several hours. It is advisable to use on a day off due to the pungent odor. Rinse with vinegar or lemon water.
- Mix sour cream with egg , crushed with fresh nettle, mustard oil. Apply and stand for half an hour.
How to remove dandruff in 1 day
What to do if you need to remove the problem urgently. There are such recipes, but under the influence of certain provoking factors, dandruff may appear again.
- Leading place is brown bread . Soak the pulp, usd into the skin, stand for half an hour.
- Kefir . You can use pure, as well as a mixture of masks. Mix kefir, castor oil, yolk. There is another way: dry mustard, honey, yolk, dandruff oil.
- Vinegar . It is used in its pure form: apply to dry hair, wrap, stand for half an hour. Rinsing with acetic water, prepared in equal parts, is used.
- Soda . It is used in its pure form. Mix with water to get a mixture of the density of sour cream. Rub into skin, hold for up to 10 minutes, rinse.
- Lemon . It is considered an effective tool. Boil the skin of 4 lemons for a quarter of an hour. Rub the broth into the skin. Soak, rinse with the remaining broth.
- Henna is colorless . To eliminate dandruff, a mask is used. It is necessary to dilute the powder to a state of gruel, usd into the skin. Soak and rinse.
- The onion . Mix onion gruel with alcohol. Use as a mask.
Remove dandruff from a newborn
The crusts that appear on the head of newborns are removed by completely affordable means:
- The most commonly used oil. Gently massage your skin before bathing. When they are softened, gently brush the comb to remove the crust.
- After bathing, grease your head with oil, put on a hat for the night. In the morning, the crust can be removed without difficulty.
Useful products for getting rid of dandruff
A common cause of dandruff is an unbalanced diet.
In combination with external treatment, it is necessary to diversify the diet:
- Increase the amount of protein foods, reduce the consumption of fatty, fried, smoked.
- Introduce diet eggs into the diet.
- Eat nuts, whole grains.
- Increase the intake of salmon fish, herring, sardines, avocados, pumpkin seeds and other foods enriched with omega-3 and vitamin D.
- Increase consumption of vegetables, especially leafy ones.
- Eat fermented milk products.
If the cause of dandruff is not related to serious internal problems, it is not difficult to learn how to remove it from the head by external exposure. If the problem is more serious, you must first eliminate the root cause, and then treat the symptoms.
Video: how to remove dandruff from the head
How to remove dandruff from the head at home, find out in the video clip:
How to quickly get rid of dandruff, see the video: