Enzyme peeling is one of the few procedures that aims to solve a wide range of skin problems. According to customer reviews, it suits both owners of aging aging skin and girls who look after their beauty and want to prolong their youth.
- What is enzyme peeling
- Types of Enzymes
- Skin Benefits
- Indications for use
- Advantages and disadvantages
- At what age do enzymatic peels begin
- Enzyme peeling procedure in the salon
- Enzyme peeling at home
- Popular Enzyme Peeling Products
- How to choose enzyme peeling
- What is combined with
- Homemade Enzyme Mask Recipes
- Contraindications to enzyme peeling
- Side effects
- The cost of enzyme peeling in salons
- Enzyme Peeling Video
What is enzyme peeling
Enzymatic peeling is a type of surface exfoliation of the skin, which is not based on acids or mechanical particles, but enzymes. These are substances of protein origin, which are catalysts for the breakdown of dead cells. The keratinized layer of the skin in its structure has proteases (proteolytic enzymes) of the hydrolase class.
Their main function is:
- regeneration of the epidermis (upper layer of the skin) due to the breakdown of proteins;
- the construction and destruction of intercellular connections;
- creating a lipid layer.
Physiological or premature (in the absence of proper care) aging is accompanied by a decrease in protease activity. As a result, the division and regeneration of skin cells is reduced, and the self-exfoliation of keratinized particles is impaired. This leads to a thickening of the epidermis and blockage of the sebaceous glands. In appearance, the skin loses its radiance, becomes dull, gray and uneven.
When applying the enzyme peeling composition to the skin in its upper layer, desmos (intercellular bonds) is destroyed, that is, the process of exfoliating the dead particles is started.
The enzyme molecule “picks up” only dead cells, stimulates the synthesis of new cells and frees up space for them. Moreover, the components do not penetrate deep into the dermis, they act on the surface without damaging the epidermis.
Types of Enzymes
The most popular enzymes include:
- Papain is a plant-derived enzyme extracted from papaya juice. It relieves inflammation, regulates the sebaceous glands, dissolves clogged pores, so it suits owners of problem skin.
- Arbutin is a tyrosinase inhibitor found in lingonberries, blueberries, and bearberry. Due to the inhibition of the production of melanin, it is excellent for skin with pigmentation and freckles.
- Bromelain is an enzyme derived from pineapple. The component is famous for the effective destruction of the stratum corneum, anti-inflammatory and healing result.
- Sorbain is extracted from lemon and papaya, but is most often used in a duet. Removes the upper layer of the epidermis and stimulates the synthesis of new cells.
- Trypsin is an animal-derived enzyme derived from cow pancreas tissue. By its structure, it is as close to human as possible, therefore, it effectively dissolves the proteins of dead cells, and has anti-inflammatory properties. Pepsin has a similar effect.
- Lysozyme is an enzyme found in egg white. In addition to standard exfoliation, it relieves inflammation, heals damage, and has immunostimulating properties.
- Subtilisin is an enzyme of bacterial origin. In action, it is compared with papain, but the effect of it is more pronounced, since even more protein bonds are destroyed, which leads to a noticeable exfoliation.
Enzyme peeling (reviews of customers and cosmetologists confirm the properties described below) is used not only for the purpose of exfoliation of the skin:
- Enzymes cleanse the skin of accumulated impurities and dissolve sebum.
- The procedure has an antibacterial effect, which in combination with treatment allows you to fight acne.
- A properly selected peeling composition is able to increase the local immunity of the skin, thereby increasing its resistance to pathogens.
- With regular and competent execution of the procedure, enzyme peeling is an excellent prevention of skin aging, as there is a constant exfoliation of the epidermis. As you know, when dead cells “accumulate” on the surface, the skin is not able to regenerate itself.
Indications for use
The skin needs regular deep cleansing, and timely exfoliation of the epidermis is an excellent preventative measure against aging, which is why cosmetologists recommend including enzymatic peeling in beauty routine.
But also it can be carried out in the presence of such problems:
- oily skin, prone to acne and inflammation;
- clogged pores;
- uneven skin texture;
- dry skin with peeling, prone to hypersensitivity, which is contraindicated in acid and mechanical peeling;
- post-acne and pigmentation;
- first age-related changes: loss of firmness and elasticity of the skin, facial wrinkles.
Advantages and disadvantages
Enzyme peeling is often compared to similar skin exfoliation procedures.
In comparison with other methods, the use of enzymes has the following advantages:
- The result from enzymatic peeling is similar to peeling with fruit acids, but the effect itself is much milder.
- Enzymes are suitable for all skin types, even moody.
- It can be carried out even during solar activity, without fear of the appearance of age spots.
- The components in the peeling are safe, they do not change the structure of the skin and do not penetrate deep into the dermis.
- The cosmetology market offers a wide range of cosmetics for enzymatic peeling at home.
- Subsequent care has an even better effect than when used on “normal” skin.
- Enzyme peeling is successfully combined with other cosmetic procedures.
- The rehabilitation period after the procedure is minimized – the first two days, slight redness may be observed. But there are no “flakes” on the skin, as after aggressive types of peeling.
The disadvantages of enzyme peeling are few in number, but are still present:
- Due to its soft action and large molecule, enzymes act only on the surface, without affecting the skin in any way. Therefore, the procedure will not help get rid of deep wrinkles and creases.
- Despite the noticeable effect after the first procedure, for a more effective result, you will need a course consisting of several sessions.
- With erratic and frequent execution, peeling can have the opposite effect – excessive greasy skin, dryness and dullness.
At what age do enzymatic peels begin
One of the features of enzyme peeling is the ability to manipulate enzymes at any age.
of oily and problem skin can resort to the procedure already from adolescence (15-17 years) . Dry and normal skin with no pronounced problems needs enzymes from the age of 25.
It is important that the composition of the peeling is selected, which is 100% suitable for the type of skin and solves the problem.
Enzyme peeling procedure in the salon
In the beauty salon, enzyme peeling is carried out in several stages.
But on the eve of the session, you must follow the recommendations:
- Do not use cosmetics containing acids and retinol, as well as carry out various types of peeling;
- Do not epilate on the skin (at least one day);
- if laser resurfacing or dermabrasion has previously been performed, then it is necessary to wait 4 days.
At the initial session, an allergy test is performed – a drop of the composition is applied to the thin skin of the wrist, after which the reaction should be monitored.
Enzyme peeling (reviews, actions of a cosmetologist, duration and sensations must be studied in advance), if all conditions are met, is carried out in strict order:
1. The preparatory phase.
From the skin area where the peeling will be carried out, dirt is removed, after which it is wiped with a cleansing tonic and a pre-peeling lotion is applied.
The product can be either ready-made (in a tube) or in powder (on the eve it is diluted with a special solution). The concentration of the composition is selected depending on the age and individual characteristics of the skin (its type, degree of sensitivity).
Most often, peeling is performed on the face (even on the eyelids), neck and decollete. The minimum time of “work” of the composition is 10 minutes, and the maximum is half an hour. The duration of the composition on the face is determined by the complexity of the problem and the expected effect.
As a rule, the procedure is not accompanied by painful or unpleasant sensations, but owners of sensitive skin may feel a slight burning sensation and tingling sensation during the first minutes.
3. Skin removal.
Depending on the selected composition, the remnants of the product can be removed in the following ways:
- washed off with water;
- roll down;
- using a neutralizer.
4. The final stage.
A calming mask and moisturizer are applied to the skin.
After the procedure, it is not recommended to touch the face, take sun baths. Cosmetics with a light formula are suitable as care. It is advisable to minimize the use of decorative cosmetics – foundation and talcum powder. When going out, applying with SPF is necessary.
The frequency of use of enzymes depends on the type of skin:
- oily and combined needs to be exfoliated once every 7 days;
- normal and sensitive – no more than once every 10 days.
The average course includes 5-10 procedures, depending on the degree of the problem and the goals pursued.
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Enzyme peeling at home
Enzyme peeling (reviews of those who do it on their own, impressive, and speak in favor of the procedure) can be done at home. But even formulations intended for these purposes must be chosen together with a cosmetologist.
When using enzymes at home, it is necessary to prepare the skin – clean it and apply a tonic. Then you can start applying the product.
There are several ways to do this:
- just distribute a thin layer and leave for the time specified in the instructions (sometimes under a plastic wrap);
- do light continuous massage;
- leave overnight.
Therefore, you must follow strictly according to the instructions. Also, you can not do peelings more often than indicated by the manufacturer. Some formulations require rinsing with warm or cool water, others require cleaning wipes or compresses . After the procedure, easy care should be applied.
Popular Enzyme Peeling Products
The cosmetic market presents a wide variety of ready-made enzyme peeling formulations that can be used both by professionals and at home.
Name of facility
Combined remedy based on:
The procedure is allowed 1 time in 7 days.
||About $ 2,24 per 3,38 fluid ounce.|
The main component is papain.
Also in the composition are moisturizers.
The product is washed off with warm water.
Use for sensitive skin is possible.
|$ 9,38 for 5,07 fluid ounce.|
|Declare Enzyme peel||Creamy foam based on a complex of enzymes and kaolin.||
Apply no more than 2 times a week.
||About $ 48. over 50 g|
Multi-component peeling contains:
||$ 49. for 5,07 fluid ounce.|
Apply no more than 1 time per week.
||$ 8,16 for 1,69 fluid ounce.|
|Jansen||Papain and bromelain are the basis.||
Used by professionals.
The product is distributed over the skin, after which the remains of the mask are removed with napkins.
Independent use is allowed no more than 2 times a month.
||$ 49. for 300 g|
Use no more than 2 times a week.
||$ 3,4 per 3,38 fluid ounce.|
The action of papain is enhanced by sugar and extracts:
||$ 41 for 8,45 fluid ounce.|
Do no more than 1 time per week.
Suitable for sensitive skin.
||$ 37. per 3,38 fluid ounce.|
|“I am the”||
||From $ 1,63. for 2,03 fluid ounce.|
How to choose enzyme peeling
The effect of most enzyme peeling ready-made formulations on the market is not much different from each other.
But still there are several recommendations by which you can choose the appropriate tool:
- The composition should be studied. If you are allergic to citrus fruits, do not use peeling, which is based on extracts of lemon and orange. For the summer, enzymes that combine with acids are not suitable.
- Pay attention to age restrictions. 20-year-old girls do not need to use peeling with a pronounced anti-aging effect.
- Buy samplers or thumbnails of tools. This will allow you to conduct an allergy test, as well as observe the condition of the skin after the first procedure without spending on large volumes of peeling.
What is combined with
Patient feedback on enzyme peeling is said to be an excellent preparatory procedure before:
- high concentration acid peeling;
- injection techniques (fillers, biorevitalization);
- laser and RF lifting;
- laser resurfacing;
- microcrystalline dermabrasion.
In parallel, you can do massages and moisturizing masks.
Homemade Enzyme Mask Recipes
Enzyme masks can be prepared directly in the kitchen, which are as effective as ready-made products. Their advantage is a completely natural composition and freshness.
- Mask based on papaya and chicken egg protein.
Both components contain enzymes that will exfoliate gently and even out skin tone.
To prepare the mask, you will need the papaya pulp, if desired, you can add pumpkin in a 1: 1 ratio, and protein whipped in cool foam. Mix all components thoroughly.
The mask is applied to clean and dry skin with a thick layer. In 20 minutes. it must be washed off.
- Papaya and oatmeal scrub mask.
This recipe is more complex, but highly effective.
- Beat 40-50 g of papaya in a blender or knead with a fork.
- Beat 2 chicken proteins.
- Grind oatmeal flakes in a coffee grinder.
- Mix all the ingredients. The mask should be pasty and thick.
- Apply the finished product to dry skin and after a few minutes rinse with running water, simultaneously making a massage to remove the remains of dead cells.
- Mask based on papaya and pineapple.
The recipe is suitable for owners of oily and combination skin, as the mask actively dissolves skin sebum. It can not be done with an allergy to honey.
- Beat in a blender for 1 piece of papaya and pineapple.
- To 1 large tablespoons of liquid honey add the resulting slurry and mix thoroughly.
- Spread the mask over the face and neck and after 15-20 minutes. rinse with water.
Contraindications to enzyme peeling
Enzymatic peeling, reviews of which in most cases are positive, is still not a universal procedure suitable for everyone without exception.
Therefore, it can not be carried out in the presence of such contraindications:
- allergy to certain components of the peeling;
- skin diseases at the time of exacerbation;
- acne during a period of purulent inflammation;
- damage to the skin;
- period of pregnancy.
A correctly performed procedure both in the salon and at
home does not cause complications.
But individually, such side effects may occur:
- allergic contact dermatitis;
- exacerbation of acne;
- seborrheic dermatitis;
- activation of the herpes virus.
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After the first procedure, you can notice the effect – the skin takes on a fresh and rested look.
And at the end of the enzyme peeling course, you can achieve the following results:
- pore cleansing and a noticeable reduction in blackheads and acne;
- smoothing of the skin relief – tubercles, expression lines disappear;
- increased skin turgor;
- evening out skin color and giving it a natural glow.
The cost of enzyme peeling in salons
The average cost of one enzyme peeling session in New York is about $ 26. But the price range by is quite large – from $ 10 – $ 48.
The price of the procedure depends on several factors:
- beauty salon class;
- cosmetics with which the cosmetologist works – the more prestigious the brand, the more expensive the peeling;
- the severity of the problem;
- the area of the skin – for example, the complex “face + neck + decollete” will have the highest price tag.
With home use of the finished product with enzymes, the cost is reduced significantly. So, one pack of 1,69 fluid ounce may be enough for 5-10 times, depending on the flow.
Reviews of enzyme peeling indicate the effectiveness of the procedure. It differs from similar safety and relative versatility, as it has a minimum of contraindications and complications. At the same time, the course demonstrates effective results and is able to delay premature skin aging.
Enzyme Peeling Video
Enzyme peeling at home – a myth or deep skin cleansing: