Facial peeling is a cosmetic procedure that helps free skin from dead cells, updating its structure and giving a flowering appearance.
In addition to the salon execution of the procedure, it can be carried out at home, choosing the right recipes for yourself.
- Varieties of peeling
- Hardware Peeling
- Photo peeling
- Chemical peeling
- Physical peeling
- Mechanical peeling
- How to choose a peeling and how often to conduct it
- Preparation for peeling
- Soft scrub with citrus peels
- Effective classic peeling from ground coffee
- What is needed for peeling at home
- Oily skin scrub
- Exfoliating scrub with salt
- Smoothing and peeling oatmeal
- Gommage for dry skin with tangerines and blue clay
- Chemical Peeling with Calcium Chloride
- Facial Whitening Peeling
- Medium peeling with alpha hydroxy acids
- Beta Hydro Acid Peeling
- Skin peeling for inflammation
- Professional glycol peeling
- TCA facial peeling at home
- Salicylic peeling
- Body peeling
- Coral Peeling – Soft Cleansing
- Almond peeling
- Lemon peeling
- Cottage cheese and salt scrub
- Carbon peeling for problem skin
- Gas-liquid peeling to improve blood circulation
- Honey and salt scrub
- Carrot and Oat Flakes
- Cleansing coffee grounds and salt
- Rejuvenating composition of cucumber and salt
- Hardware peeling at home
- The use of essential oils
- Skin Care After Peeling
- How often can i do
- Video clips: face peeling at home
Varieties of peeling
In cosmetic practice, there are different classifications of peeling, depending on the parameters:
- by depth of purification;
- according to the methods and materials used;
- for injuries of the skin, etc.
The most extensive list is based on methods for exfoliating keratinized skin particles.
Hardware peeling is based on the fact that skin is cleansed of keratinized particles using a special tool. There are many varieties of it, therefore, in hardware peeling can be divided into:
- brushing – with a brush head.
- laser – based on the destruction of the epidermis by a laser
- ultrasonic – removal of the upper layer of keratinized skin by ultrasound
- diamond-vacuum – grinding the skin with a diamond nozzle with regulation of penetration into the epidermis layers.
Not all types of such peeling are carried out exclusively in salons, for example, brushing and ultrasonic peels are suitable for use at home, the main thing is to adhere to recommendations and recipes.
Photo peeling is based on the effect of light on the skin. It can also be used on the neck and decollete. Unlike other types, the result of this procedure will be exfoliation of particles and correction of the presence of age and age spots, which creates the effect of rejuvenation.
But, due to exposure to light waves, photo-peeling dries the skin, so it is not recommended to owners of dry skin to experiment with photo-peeling.
Chemical face peeling is carried out only in beauty parlors, because it implies a gentle effect on the skin with acid. To avoid trouble, you need to carefully approach the choice of a cosmetologist who offers this service.
Chemical peeling is suitable for those who try to give the skin a natural look in accordance with biological age, and do not hope for miraculous rejuvenation “from 50 to 20.”
An unpleasant, but short-term consequence of the procedure will be swelling, redness and itching. This is caused by an individual reaction of the body to acid and the depth of skin cleansing. Therefore, after chemical peeling, the face must be protected from sunlight and cosmetics for a couple of days – until complete healing.
Physical face peeling is also known as the most expensive type of peeling. It qualitatively removes dead epidermal particles by applying laser and ultrasound to the skin, at the same time, equalizing skin tone, removing traces of scars and scars.
The result is noticeable after the first procedure, but to achieve the effect, physical peeling is carried out with a course of 3 sessions, at least. This procedure is recommended for cleansing the skin, older than 40 years, when gentle procedures no longer give a visible result.
This type of peeling is the most affordable and has no restrictions on the age and condition of the skin. Mechanical face peeling is possible at home according to recipes, which vary from skin type and depth of cleansing, or in salons.
Mechanical peeling is a variant of brushing, because it uses soft brushes. The main distinguishing feature of this peeling is the obligatory steaming of the skin. This becomes a negative point, because skin with open pores is easiest to damage.
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How to choose a peeling and how often to conduct it
To choose a suitable peeling for the skin without possible harm, first you need to decide whether the skin needs a chemical or mechanical effect, how much deep cleaning you need to do, whether you can do it with home remedies or it is better to contact a professional.
For young and problematic skin, it will be sufficient to use gommage and scrub from home improvised products. This purification procedure is carried out daily.
For oily and normal mature skin, gommages are used no more than once a week. But dry skin requires a special approach in the form of chemical peels, so it is better to carry out the procedure in the salon or under the guidance of specialists.
The optimal frequency of the procedure will be the frequency of 2-3 times a week.
Preparation for peeling
Preparation for the procedure depends on the planned cleaning depth. For surface peeling, special preparation of the skin is not necessary, it is enough to wash off the makeup and walk on the skin with a tonic or lotion.
Mid-level peeling can damage the skin, therefore, in addition to make-up removal, it is necessary to stock up with a regenerating cream and a protective agent from ultraviolet radiation. After the procedure, within 3-5 days the skin will need to be protected and treated with the above means.
It is better to entrust the specialist to prepare the skin for deep chemical peeling, because with the wrong preparatory stage there is a risk of getting a chemical burn and additional scars.
In addition, attention requires the presence of herpes rashes or “colds” in the area of the skin where the peeli
ng will be performed. If there are damaged skin areas, then the procedure should be postponed and a complex of healing and antiviral actions should be carried out.
Soft scrub with citrus peels
Fragrant citrus scrub is suitable for face peeling at home. The recipe is not complicated. You will need dried citrus peel (orange, lemon, mandarin, grapefruit, etc.), which is crushed in a blender. The resulting powder is diluted with purified water to a state of sour cream.
The resulting slurry is used for soft peeling of the face and the whole body. The result will be a younger looking skin and good mood thanks to the essential oils found in citrus peels.
It is strictly forbidden to use it if you are allergic to citrus fruits.
Effective classic peeling from ground coffee
Coffee peeling is used to obtain the effect of smooth skin, due to the properties of caffeine. Such a scrub is recommended to be applied not only to the face, but also to problematic cellulite areas throughout the body.
The convenience of using it is that no special preparations are needed – just brew a cup of coffee and use the remaining grounds. To give the skin softness and silkiness, as well as additional hydration, coffee grounds can be mixed with milk or heavy cream.
What is needed for peeling at home
To carry out the face peeling procedure at home, special preparation is not necessary, unless, of course, it is planned to use special machines and acids.
For surface peeling, it’s enough to have at hand any convenient makeup remover, tonic or alcohol, directly the ingredients, according to the selected recipe and, if necessary, moisturizing and regenerating creams, suitable skin type.
If at home medium-level and deep-level hardware peeling will be carried out, specialized apparatuses or massagers with the necessary nozzle will come to the rescue, as well as a set of soft brushes or brushes.
For chemical peeling, you need to stock up with professional acids (for example, salicylic, glycolic), as well as skin whitening and regeneration products.
Oily skin scrub
Scrubbing oily skin can be done daily, the main thing is to choose more gentle components in the recipe.
For daily use, a scrub with oatmeal, sugar or apple seeds is suitable. If the peeling procedure is planned to be carried out less often, then scrubbing particles are selected more rigidly, for example, sea salt, bran, chopped almond bones.
Exfoliating scrub with salt
In such a scrub, salt can also be used as ordinary food, it will give a milder effect, and you can use marine cosmetic. For dry skin, a mixture with fat cream or sour cream is perfect, then it will turn out to achieve not only a cleansing effect, but also additional skin hydration.
For oily skin, salt can be mixed with lemon juice and lemon zest. Coarse sea salt is best. It will help to effectively cleanse acne zones and comedones, and citrus juice will dry up problem areas.
Smoothing and peeling oatmeal
Oatmeal has a mild scrubbing effect and is suitable for daily use on normal skin. They can be mixed with honey, any fruit or with plain water. To obtain a more aggressive scrub, oatmeal can be mixed with sugar, salt, coffee grounds and with chips of different beans, such as rice or buckwheat.
Such a scrub will effectively clean clogged pores, remove dead skin particles of the epidermis, and, thanks to the fatty acids contained in oat and herculean flakes, will help to smooth out fine lines from the inside.
Gommage for dry skin with tangerines and blue clay
Gommazhi act more delicately on the skin by adding creamy soft components to it. Tangerine gommage with blue clay will help gently cleanse delicate dry skin. To do this, just usd the zest and pulp of citrus, mix this pulp with clay and add a little olive, coconut, almond or any other oil.
Clay and oil will saturate the skin with oxygen and nutrients, while zest and tangerine juice will help dry out possible comedones and acne. When the mask dries on the face, it must be manually rolled up slowly. This action will help get rid of keratinized particles of the epidermis. It is enough to wash off the remains of a gommage with warm water by soft circular movements.
Chemical Peeling with Calcium Chloride
The use of chemical facial peeling at home is included in the category of “advanced user”. For beginners, for starters, they should get used to making more gentle peels according to simple recipes, because the possible harm from them is much less than from an incorrect chemical.
First of all, you need to check the skin for possible allergic reactions. If there are none, then you can start using calcium chloride in cosmetic procedures. All that is needed for such a peeling is cotton sponges, baby soap and a% 5 calcium chloride solution, which is sold in pharmacies.
Peeling is carried out exclusively in the T-zone of the face, because its aggressive effect can leave serious burns on the delicate skin of the cheeks and around the eyes.
Using a cotton sponge, the solution is applied to the forehead, nose and chin in 3 stages with a pause of 1-2 minutes.
After the layers of the solution have dried, you can notice its significant tightness. Then, with the help of children’s soap, we begin to form soap foam in the treated areas, which, having reacted with calcium chloride, will cleanse the skin.
Upon completion of the procedure, the face should be washed with clean water and apply a greasy mask.
If a burning sensation is felt at any stage of such peeling, then the procedure must be stopped and the skin rinsed thoroughly.
Facial Whitening Peeling
For whitening peeling, any components that have such an effect are suitable. It can be oatmeal, fresh cucumber with hard bones, chopped beans, lemon juice, honey and egg yolks. You can mix the ingredients in different proportions, choosing for yourself the most interesting option.
The main condition remains the absence of allergies to the components used. The degree of skin cleansing in such a peeling can also be varied by grinding the components. Fine particles will have a mild effect, while coarse grinding will help to deepen the pores.
Medium peeling with alpha hydroxy acids
This peeling refers to the salon look, because without dexterity and preliminary preparation it is dangerous to do it, like any chemical peels. Alpha-hydroxy acids include malic, almond, glycolic, and lactic acids. They activate collagen production in the skin and weaken the bonds between the cells of the upper layer of the skin, which helps to produce an exfoliating effect.
Peeling with alpha hydroxy acids is not recommended for use on young skin under 25 years old.
Beta Hydro Acid Peeling
The basis of beta peeling is salicylic acid. It effectively affects oily problem skin, cleansing the sebaceous ducts and helping to get rid of blackheads. Despite its deep coverage, such peeling does not require pain relief and prolonged regeneration of the skin.
Skin peeling for inflammation
Medical peels are used in cosmetology not as a separate procedure, but in an integrated approach to eliminate skin problems. Together with the internal effect of vitamin-mineral complexes or hormonal preparations on the body, therapeutic peels help restore the aesthetic appearance of the skin.
The composition of the peelings depends on the specifics of the problem. They may contain anti-inflammatory components, antiseborrheic and others. Medical peeling helps to get rid of not only fresh problem areas in the form of acne and comedones, but also to smooth out the resulting scars and scars.
Professional glycol peeling
Glycol face peeling refers to chemical peels and is not recommended for home experiments, although all the necessary components for it can be easily obtained at the pharmacy. The salon procedure has two varieties: aesthetic and aggressive.
The aesthetic procedure affects only the topmost layer of the epidermis, exfoliating the dead areas and is carried out with a 40% solution of glycolic acid. But aggressive glycolic peeling is carried out with a 70% solution and removes a more extensive layer of the epidermis, removing the visible imperfections as much as possible.
The main danger of such a peeling is the possibility of serious burns, so it is better to do the glycol procedure with professional cosmetologists with sufficient experience.
TCA facial peeling at home
The main component of TCA peeling is trichloroacetic acid. Despite this, such a peeling is considered gentle, because the concentration of the composition and the degree of penetration into the skin can be adjusted independently. But with the preparation of peeling it is better not to risk it, but to buy a ready-made solution, because it is precisely the strict observance of the proportions of all components that will give a safe result.
Salicylic peeling was previously mentioned in beta-hydroxy acid peels. It is the safest in independent and salon use and gives good results.
For this peeling, you can use either special products based on salicylic acid, or buy a bottle in a pharmacy and simply treat the skin with cotton swab moistened with a solution. The result appears with any option, the difference is only in time.
Body peeling at home is one of the most affordable and effective skin cleansing recipes.
Due to the fact that the bodysha is a natural sponge, it gallon sucks dirt from the skin pores, preventing the appearance of acne, blackheads and clogged pores.
And due to its structure, it also gently exfoliates keratinized particles.
Bodyagi powder can be mixed with face cream for a mild effect, either with hydrogen peroxide or Bodyagi gel for an active effect.
But, in this case, you need to be prepared that exfoliation will take 2-3 days, so it is better not to expose the skin to the sun and wind.
Coral Peeling – Soft Cleansing
Coral peeling is suitable for those whose skin is very picky about external influences. Due to its natural components, the effect on the epidermis occurs in a lightweight form. By name, you can decide that such a peeling is done using fragments of coral, but in fact, this is not entirely true.
Coral peeling is based on algae and invertebrates from the deep sea. Peeling looks like gruel from a dark green fine powder, which, penetrating the pores, enriches the skin with vitamins and minerals, making it younger.
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Almond peeling not only has a beneficial effect on the skin, but also has a very pleasant aroma, thanks to the essential oils contained in the almond bones. It is suitable for daily use and gently cleanses the skin.
For the dry type, the almond bones are advised to grind with coconut flakes or with the addition of any cosmetic oil, and for oily skin, almond bones can be mixed with salicylic acid. Then there will be a clear exfoliating effect, which for a week and a half can provide the skin with a healthy texture without oily sheen.
Lemon tones the skin well, has a drying effect on acne and successfully cleanses pores. Therefore, lemon is often used in home masks. Especially good is its effect on problematic oily skin.
For such a peeling, you can use the gruel of lemon together with the peel and seeds, or you can mix it with any other components to enhance the effect, for example, with coffee grounds, sugar, honey, etc.
Cottage cheese and salt scrub
Peeling in this combination is ideal for problem skin, helping to restore its natural color and gently, but qualitatively cleansing it.
For peeling, you need about 2 tablespoons of cottage cheese, a floor of a
boat of salt, cosmetic oil or cream. Here you can add crushed oatmeal, wholemeal flour or any other abrasive particles.
The mask is enough to apply to the skin in a circular motion and rinse with warm water. You can apply it daily, and the greatest effect will appear if the mask is slightly warmed up before applying to the skin in a microwave or in a water bath.
Carbon peeling for problem skin
Carbon peeling refers to hardware cleansing methods. It is carried out in the salon and is a completely painless procedure. Rehabilitation of the upper layer of the skin after such a peeling occurs very quickly, which does not cause additional discomfort and side effects.
Of the disadvantages of such peeling, one can make the need for a whole range of procedures, because due to its mild effect, 1-2 procedures without a systematic repetition will not give a visible result.
Carbon peeling will be a lifesaver for oily problematic skin due to its drying qualities.
Gas-liquid peeling to improve blood circulation
Gas-liquid peeling is a new word in cosmetic procedures. At first glance, it might seem that there is nothing to do with the classical understanding of peeling here. In fact, the procedure is aimed not so much at cleansing the skin as at enriching it with vitamin complexes through air (gas massage).
For the procedure, the skin of the face is first cleaned with lotions and the pores open as much as possible. Further, with the help of the apparatus, a liquid enriched with vitamins is sprayed. The penetration rate of such a mixture is controlled by the gas flow.
Thus, the skin is not only enriched with the necessary vitamin and mineral components, but also undergoes massage, which improves blood circulation and returns a healthy glow to tired skin.
Honey and salt scrub
Honey and salt scrub is suitable for all skin types. His basic recipe looks like this: 1 tablespoon of liquid honey or honey melted in a water bath is mixed with 1 tablespoon of large table salt, a pinch of cinnamon is added to improve blood circulation and a little vegetable or cosmetic oil.
Other ingredients can also be added to this mixture as desired. The resulting mass is applied to the skin for 5 minutes and then washed off with warm water. The procedure is recommended to be repeated no more than 1 time in 2-3 weeks to avoid allergic reactions.
Carrot and Oat Flakes
Such a scrub makes the skin soft and velvety, enriching it with vitamin A. For it, it is necessary to brew 2 tablespoons of oat or oatmeal flakes in boiling water and add carrots grated on a fine grater there.
Pour a teaspoon of any oil into the mixture so that the vitamin A in carrots is absorbed faster. Apply the resulting slurry in a circular motion to the skin and hold for several minutes. Remove scrub and rinse face with chamomile broth or wipe with soothing lotion.
Cleansing coffee grounds and salt
Coffee grounds and salt alone are good exfoliators. And depending on the size of the abrasive particles, the depth of skin cleansing can vary.
The benefits of separate salt and coffee scrubs have already been mentioned, so it is worth noting that in the coffee-salt peeling variation, you can experiment with the size of grinding coffee and salt to achieve the maximum exfoliating effect.
Rejuvenating composition of cucumber and salt
In such a tandem, cucumber and salt have a good effect on aged skin. Salt crystals remove dead particles of the epidermis, and a cucumber deeply moisturizes the skin, penetrating into the pores, and whitens its age-related pigmentation.
Hardware peeling at home
Using special devices for peeling at home will help to save not only time but also money, and the result will be the same as in expensive beauty salons. For home use, you can choose devices that specialize directly in peeling, or devices that have a special nozzle.
The most popular and affordable home appliance company is Gezatone. In their line you can find both peeling massagers and a cleaner of various types – vacuum, ultrasonic and, even, multifunctional models.
In addition, for home hardware peeling, conventional massagers are quite suitable, in the configuration of which there are brush nozzles. Such devices can be successfully used for hardware brashing.
The use of essential oils
Peeling essential oils are a great alternative to risky home chemical treatments. They have approximately the same spectrum of influence on the skin with a difference in the aggressiveness of the effect.
So adding a few drops of almond oil to the peeling mixture and the correct use of mandelic acid will have about the same positive effect with the difference that the essential oils are gentle to the skin.
In addition, essential oils have a beneficial effect not only on the skin condition, but also on the human nervous system, additionally helping to relax, calm down or improve mood. Therefore, the use of essential components can mentally take you to the spa and have a beneficial effect on the whole body.
Skin Care After Peeling
Any even the most gentle and gentle peeling violates the integrity of the skin. Therefore, after-peeling care will be to soothe the skin. To begin with, it is necessary to close open pores.
To do this, you can use special cosmetic lotions, or you can just wash yourself with cold water, or wipe the skin with an ice cube. After this, you need to apply a nourishing cream that will help in the regeneration of damaged cells.
Particular attention should be paid to post-peeling procedures in sunny weather.
Deep cleansing is advised to be carried out in autumn or winter, when the skin is least exposed to sunlight, but if you had to peel in the summer, then sunscreens will come to the rescue.
Also, after procedures of medium and deep peeling, it is necessary to leave the skin alone for 2-5 days (depending on the general condition) and not burden it with unnecessary cosmetics, especially for decorative pur
How often can i do
The frequency of the procedure depends on the depth of influence on the skin and on the selected recipes.
So the most gentle and shallow methods of facial peeling, which are easy to implement at home according to popular recipes, can be used daily, and peeling of medium and deep penetration is best repeated no more than 1 time in 1-2 weeks.
Among the contraindications to peeling can be identified:
- Allergic reactions to any of the components of the recipe;
- Damage to the skin of various types (trauma, viral rashes, eczema, etc.);
- Medical contraindications (recent skin grafting, scarring, suturing or suturing, etc.).
By choosing the right recipe for a cleansing procedure, you can permanently get rid of the problems of peeling, itching of the skin, allergies and redness. Useful ingredients will help rejuvenate and whiten the face, make the skin more tender.
Video clips: face peeling at home
Face peeling recipe at home:
Home Peel Recipes: