According to doctors, exfoliating fingernails indicate abnormalities in the body. The etiology may be different. Treatment is mainly aimed at eliminating brittleness and strengthening the nail plate.
- Why do the nails on my hands flake and break
- Procedures for the treatment of nails in beauty salons
- Ointments for the treatment of nails from a pharmacy
- Useful procedures at home
- “Sealing” of nails with brittleness
- Healing varnishes
- Herbal masks for hands and nails
- Creams and oils for strengthening nails
- Firming baths for nails
- With gelatin
- With cosmetic clay (mud)
- With sea salt
- On grass
- Hand massage for normal circulation
- What foods are good for nails
- Vitamins for strengthening nails
- Which doctor should i contact with problem nails
- Recommendations for nail care professionals
- Manicure Rules
- Nails flock on the hands: causes and treatment – video
Why do the nails on my hands flake and break
The nails on the hands are stratified – their causes and treatment are interconnected.
There are several reasons for this:
The lack of vitamins and minerals in the body
. Trace elements that directly affect the integrity and health of nails are vitamins (A, B1, B3, B5, C, D, E), as well as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sulfur.
Violation of metabolic processes
. Disruptions in the digestive tract, endocrine disorders.
Repeated contact with water and cleaning agents
. There is a natural softening of the nail plate and its injury due to the aggressive effects of detergent components.
Improper nail care
. Cut manicure to some extent injures the skin of the fingers, reducing active nutrition and nail growth, as they are closely interrelated.
. The first manifestations of the fungus is the lamination and fragility of the nail plate.
Procedures for the treatment of nails in beauty salons
To salon procedures for strengthening and improving nails include various types of sealing, masks or wraps, healing manicure.
|Procedure name||Characteristic of the procedure, effectiveness|
|Paraffin therapy||Melted paraffin is applied to the hands, wrapped with a film and insulated for 20 minutes. As a result, blood circulation is stimulated, cell nutrition improves. With regular use 2-3 times a month, the nails will become strong, even.|
|Japanese sealing||A special cosmetic product rich in vitamins and minerals is applied to the nails. A paraffin-based substance is applied from above, they are polished with nails, sealing useful substances inside. Thus, over the course of several weeks, a peculiar self-treatment of nails occurs. The procedure is highly effective.|
|SPA manicure||A series of manipulations starting with cleansing the hands (the nails are cleaned more thoroughly). Next, nourishing masks or wraps are done. At the end of the procedure is a brush massage.
Such a complex effect gallon transforms the nails, making them smooth and shiny.
|Masks||The application of heated natural compounds (oils, plant extracts), designed specifically for strengthening nails with subsequent wrapping, favorably affects the cuticle and nails. Weekly use of masks can eliminate the problem of brittle and exfoliating nails after 3 applications.|
|Massage||Massage of the hands and fingers stimulates the processes of growth and cell renewal, rubbed compounds penetrate the skin faster, the efforts of their impact.|
Some of their salon procedures are quite feasible at home. It is economically more profitable, there is freedom of choice of time for carrying out manipulations, as well as the possibility of individual selection of caring cosmetics.
Ointments for the treatment of nails from a pharmacy
It is possible to cure nails affected by a fungal infection only with the help of medicinal ointments. They are sold in a wide variety in pharmacies.
You can buy both time-tested, effective Sulfur, Salicylic or Zinc ointments, as well as modern drugs, allylamines (Exoderil, Mycoseptin) or azoles (Miconazole, Flucanazole).
The effect will be identical – the fungus will be destroyed, the nails will become stronger, will cease to exfoliate. It is worth considering that any medicine can cause an allergic reaction, do not forget about conducting a test before use.
Useful procedures at home
The lamination and brittleness of nails on the hands can be overcome with the help of such home procedures as sealing, wrapping, the use of creams and masks. If they are damaged due to a fungal infection, then it should first be cured. Otherwise, the procedures will only harm and further spread the disease.
“Sealing” of nails with brittleness
Sealing at home is no different from salon. For him, you need to purchase a special composition based on wax. It also contains various substances useful for nails – vitamins, oils, minerals.
You can prepare the mixture for sealing yourself. It is necessary to melt a small piece of wax, add to it the useful essential oils available at home (preferably almond, coconut or sea buckthorn). You can also add vitamin A or D.
Before the procedure, the nails must be cleaned and polished. Then apply the finished mixture to them and usd for 15-20 minutes. At the end, a soft buff must be applied to the surface.
The finished mixture is stored in the cold. After sealing, it is not recommended to paint the nails with varnish or carry out extensions. All the benefits of the procedure are lost and the varnish or gel will not stick.
The easiest way to strengthen nails is to apply medical varnishes. They usually include calcium, silicon, vitamins and other elements useful for nails. Most companies produce a whole line of varnishes, depending on the problem of nails.
For example, for brittle and exfoliating nails, for thin, for dehydrated and dull. Top 5 includes the following items:
- O.R.I. Nail Envy – with the addition of calcium and wheat proteins.
- Vivienne Sabo Bon Elixir – with grape seed extract.
- Clever enamel – does not contain formaldehydes.
Eveline “8 in 1 Healthy
Nails Recovery Formula . ”
- Avon “Good Results . ”
Herbal masks for hands and nails
Herbal hand masks nourish and tone. The skin is tightened, smoothed, the nails begin to shine, their structure becomes denser, brittleness disappears.
For the procedure you will need special cotton gloves. They create a light warming effect, helping the active substances penetrate deeper into the epidermis.
There are a lot of mask recipes, popular are:
- One raw potato is rubbed on a fine grater, mixed with 1 teaspoons. liquid honey and a few spoons of aloe juice. The resulting mixture is distributed over the skin and nails. Gloves are worn for 3-4 hours.
- Squeeze juice from 1 orange, mix it with 0,1 – 0,2 pint of olive oil. The composition massages the skin of the hands for 5 minutes, then put on gloves. After 30-45 minutes, hands are washed with cosmetic milk, but not soap.
- Grind a few sheets of agave and turn into porridge, add 1 teaspoons. olive oil. Apply a slightly warmed mixture to hands under gloves. After 1-1.5 hours, rinse.
Creams and oils for strengthening nails
Almond oil is considered indispensable for strengthening the structure of the nail. It is rubbed daily into the nails and skin around 2 times – in the morning and in the evening – for at least 2-3 weeks.
The result is strong, smooth, well-groomed nails, a significant reduction in cuticle growth, and elimination of burrs.
Other oils have similar properties, but with less efficiency. For example, burdock or sea buckthorn.
Creams can be used with the addition of vitamins and oils. They are suitable both for the use of masks and wraps, and for daily use as a care product. Popular are:
- EXTRA MINERAL with Dead Sea minerals.
- LIBER DERM AEVIT cream for cuticles and nails.
- SuperNails with keratin and Shostakovsky balm.
- Green Mama Sea Garden with Chitosan and Minerals.
- Active Silicium firming cream for nails with spring water.
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Firming baths for nails
Nail trays are designed not only to soften the cuticles before manicure, but also for strengthening purposes.
Gelatin baths are highly effective even for severely damaged nails. For several procedures, they are able to significantly improve the structure of nails, making them thicker and stronger.
To strengthen gelatin at home you will need:
- Edible gelatin.
Prepare the gelatin according to the instructions on the package. Allow it to cool slightly and dip fingers into it for 20-40 minutes. After rinse off the residue with warm water.
For greater benefit, you can add a spoonful of lemon juice, apple cider vinegar or chamomile infusion to such a bath. The procedure is carried out 2-3 times a week, in the evening. In total, at least 10 procedures must be done for the course, but no more than 30.
With cosmetic clay (mud)
Clay baths have an antibacterial effect, can cure fungal infections of the nails. For cooking, you need 3-5 tablespoon. dilute clay in 800ml of warm water. Dip into the hands for 10-20 minutes, rinse with water, spread with a nourishing cream.
The most useful for nails is pink and white clay.
An alternative to clay can be cosmetic, therapeutic mud (IODASE, AHAVA, Health & Beauty). It also contains many useful substances. It should be diluted to the consistency of liquid slurry.
With sea salt
The most popular firming bath is salt dissolved in water. Sea salt (Uralmedprom, Mareman and others) is richer than the others in composition, it contains calcium, iodine, magnesium, fluorine and other elements. They contribute to the strengthening and improvement of nails.
In 2 cups of warm water, scatter a few tablespoons of sea salt. Dip nails in it for 20 minutes, dry with a napkin. At the end, do a light massage with a nourishing cream.
The course consists of 10-15 sessions, several times a week. A two-week break is required between courses.
Herbal baths are very versatile, help in solving many problems. The main thing is the right choice of
herbs. To strengthen the nails , oak bark, nettle or yarrow are used.
One teaspoon of the available herbs (you can all together) put in a clay bowl, pour 2 cups boiling water. Cover for half an hour. Then strain and use the resulting infusion for baths. Nails must be kept for at least 15 minutes.
To obtain a visible result, the procedure is carried out every other day for 3 weeks. If desired, it is possible to add essential oils to the infusion.
Hand massage for normal circulation
It is almost impossible to cure exfoliating fingernails with one massage. Since the etiology of the problem is not in the blood circulation. But in combination with other procedures, the result will be significant.
Massage affects, first of all, the processes of blood microcirculation. Enhances the penetration of nutrients, vascular tone.
Experts recommend a warming, intensive massage before the procedures (without strong pressure), after the procedures, a relaxing, gentle massage, similar to stroking.
Before you start, you need to warm up your hands – to usd the skin. Next, work the palm with patting, pinching movements. Fingers knead separately. Effectively frequent and quick squeezing and unclenching of a hand into a fist.
It should be borne in mind that massage is done no more than 7-10 minutes. It should not cause discomfort or discomfort. In the process, you can usd into your hands cooked useful composition.
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What foods are good for nails
The reason why the fingernails flake and break is the lack of certain substances. One treatment is a balanced diet. Mandatory products for strengthening nails are:
Cabbage, carrots, cucumbers, zucchini.
Sea kale, fish.
Buckwheat, oat, millet, manna, corn, rice.
Nuts (walnuts) and seeds (pumpkin).
Experts say that adhering to the right diet can get rid of brittle nails without additional intake of vitamin complexes.
Vitamins for strengthening nails
In the absence of the ability to fully and balancedly eat (a complex work schedule, food allergies, etc.), you can take vitamins purchased in a pharmacy. General purpose or marked “for nails and hair.”
Qualitative vitamin-mineral complexes are Complivit, Alphabet, Supradin, Vitrum, Centrum.
In any case, to normalize the state of the nail plate, the body needs:
- Vitamin E (15 mg per day);
- Vitamin A (1 mg per day);
- Vitamin C (75 mg per day);
- Vitamin D (5 mcg per day);
- Vitamin H (50 mcg per day);
Vitamin B 3
(20 mg per day);
Vitamin B 9
(400 mcg per day);
Vitamin B 6
(2 mg per day).
Acting comprehensively, they participate in collagen synthesis, metabolic processes. Prevent dryness and lamination. They help to better absorb other essential elements, for example, without vitamin D, calcium does not accumulate in tissues.
Which doctor should i contact with problem nails
A dermatologist is involved in the treatment of nails on the hands and feet, the identification of the causes of their fragility, stratification and other lesions.
It must be addressed first. After examining the counseling, the doctor prescribes medication or additional tests.
If a fungal infection is detected, it may be redirected to a mycologist. With a problem with an ingrown nail, a dermatologist will refer the patient to the surgeon. However, in most cases, a dermatologist is able to cope with any problems of nails.
Recommendations for nail care professionals
Daily moisturizing of the skin of the hands and nails with cosmetics is an excellent preventive measure. It is worth giving preference to creams with vitamin supplements, natural ingredients.
Dermatologists are advised to abandon the trimmed manicure.
Removing the cuticle exposes the root of the nail plate, increasing the risk of infection. The removal of softened skin is considered correct. It is also not recommended to remove the length of the nail with a nail file, this delaminates the nail. Better cut and file.
It is necessary to protect the nails from any mechanical impact, for example, nibbling, shrinking part of the nail, etc. Reduce the use of varnishes and nail polish removers, which contain acetone and toluene.
How to do a manicure – every woman knows. However, not everyone knows that with the correct processing of the fingers, such manifestations as layering, minor inflammations can be avoided. The main criteria for proper manicure are as follows:
- Mandatory cleansing of the hands and nail plates of residues of varnish and other contaminants before the procedure.
- The use of bathtubs to soften nails and cuticles, better penetration of nutrients from used products.
- Choosing the right nail shape. Most often these are oval or square nails with rounded edges. It is necessary to file the form from the edge of the nail to the center. The nail should be dry.
- Instead of cutting the cuticle, it is preferable to move it away
with a wooden stick. This will help minimize trauma and possible further infection of the nails.
- In the finale, it is helpful to have a small massage of each finger with a nourishing cream or your favorite essential oil. If desired, you can paint your nails with varnish.
Manicure must be done at least 2 times a month. It will help prevent the layering of nails on the hands, give them a well-groomed appearance, and relieve possible problems that will require further clarification of the causes and treatment. Manicure can be combined with any healing procedures.
Nails flock on the hands: causes and treatment – video
Why do the nails on the hands exfoliate – causes and treatment:
Why do the nails on the hands flock and how to cure them:
Hands, like a face, are a business card of any person. That is why it is necessary to devote time to the health of nails and skin. Do not forget about nutrition, because much depends on it.