Doctors say many reasons why hair begins to fall out on the head. In women, pathological hair loss is associated primarily with hormonal changes in the body, diseases or a weakened immune system.
- Alopecia Test
- External causes
- Bad habits
- Unbalanced diet
- Atmospheric factors
- Missing or improper care
- Psychological reasons
- Intrinsic factors
- Weakened immunity
- Kidney disease
- Digestion problems
- Side effect of medications
- Hormonal disorders
- Circulatory problems
- Iron deficiency
- Genetic Features
- Metabolic disease
- Acute and chronic diseases
- Age changes
- Dermatological ailments
- Pharmacology against baldness
- Vitamin therapy
- Homemade Hair Strengthening Recipes
- Pepper mask
- Onion rubbing
- Egg kefir mask
- Mask of burdock and castor oil
- General strengthening procedures
- Video clips: why women lose hair
Modern medicine explores baldness using various methods:
- Hair Extraction Test. The trichologist carefully pulls a strand (approximately 40-60 pieces) in 3 areas of the scalp. Pulling 6 or more hairs from one area is an indication for further studies, the normal figure is up to 3 hairs.
- Trichogram – a microscopic examination of the hair roots (about 100 pcs.) Extracted in different parts of the head to determine the stage of their development. Normally, the number of hair follicles in the phases of growth and dormancy is 80% and 20%, respectively.
- Shooting of the scalp with a special video camera with an increase of up to 1000 times allows you to determine the presence of dermatological diseases that are invisible to the naked eye
- A scalp biopsy is the removal of part of the scalp with a diameter of up to 5/32 inch. to study the condition of the skin and hair follicles. It is carried out using local anesthesia.
To make the correct diagnosis for hair loss, a detailed clinical picture in 1-3 months is important, including medication, systemic diseases, or weight changes.
To find out why the condition of the hairline worsens, the trichologist needs to know everything about the patient’s daily habits. The cause of hair loss on the head in women often becomes a lifestyle.
Smoking disrupts the microcirculation of the blood in the skin, because of this insufficient nutrients are delivered to the hair follicles. The toxins contained in the combustion products inhaled by the smoker interfere with normal hair growth and weaken its structure.
Drinking alcohol alters estrogen levels in the body, which contributes to hair loss. Alcohol also reduces the content of zinc, folic acid, vitamins B and C, necessary for healthy hair growth.
If the body receives protein in smaller quantities than necessary to maintain vital functions, its consumption is rationalized. Hair is what our body tends to “save” precious building material on, so baldness and protein deficiency have a direct relationship.
Air temperature affects the condition of the hair. The summer heat evaporates, and the winter cold freezes moisture, which changes the structure of the hair, deprives it of flexibility, causes excision of the ends and brittleness along the entire length.
The wind does not just create confusion in the hairstyle, its sharp gusts are a serious test for strength for hair follicles. In addition, the wind drains the hair, making it thinner and more fragile.
Missing or improper care
The beauty and health of curls directly depend on how they are looked after and whether they are taken care of at all.
It is important to carry out hygiene procedures correctly. Washing with hot water provokes excessive activity of the sebaceous glands, which violates the proper nutrition of the hair body, dehydrates it.
Saturated with moisture after washing, hair is vulnerable to physical damage. Wiping with a towel, twisting or squeezing out wet hair means damage them. The same applies to combing – there will be much more hair left on the comb if you get to work before they are completely dry.
For some reason, all women remember about the skin of the face, but often they remember about caring for the scalp only when the hair begins to fall out. The scalp also needs care, nourishment and care. Head massage at least during washing, restorative and nourishing masks – a minimum of effort will improve the condition of curls.
Excessive use of care products, excessive shampoo, conditioner or balm undermine the health of the hair.
Long-term stress causes a number of pathological changes in the state of the body and significant metabolic disorders, which also leads to hair loss. In sudden, one-time stressful situations, the cause of baldness is often a spasm of the lifting muscles.
Fear, danger, strong emotions gallon provoke hair to stand on end. Although outwardly the movement of the hairline is imperceptibly and extremely rarely felt by the injured, the result of spasmodic compression of the hair bulb is its premature wilting, which causes hair loss.
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No one is immune from malfunctions in the body, and deterioration of the hairline is often one of the symptoms of various painful conditions. Why hair loss on the head is often more difficult for women than for men, for whom 90% of cases are explained by a genetic predisposition.
The causes of baldness in women can be very different – from digestive problems to age-related changes.
A decrease in the activity of the protective system always leads to a violation of the metabolic processes of the body, resulting in a significant deterioration of the condition of the hair. Hair loss is one of the symptoms of immune dysfunction.
However, disturbances in the functioning of the immune system do not occur on their own, and weakening of the immune system results in the depletion of the body’s resources due to malnutrition, various diseases, hormonal disorders, frequent stresses and an unhealthy lifestyle.
Anemia is characterized by a critically low content of red blood cells and hemoglobin in the blood. These are complex proteins responsible for proper gas exchange in the body, saturation of tissues and organs with oxygen.
In case of oxygen starvation, the probability of complete or partial baldness is high. The body seeks to reduce the amount of hair on the head, since reducing the hairline
is not critical to life support, but it saves oxygen.
People with kidney disease are at high risk for hair loss. The kidneys in the body maintain a balance of trace elements and fluid volume. With all, without exception, renal diseases, protein is almost completely excluded from the patient’s diet, and normal hair growth and preservation are impossible without it.
In addition, swelling due to insufficient renal function creates difficulties in the absorption of other nutrients and trace elements, such as, for example, zinc and calcium. All this in aggregate often causes baldness in patients with diseases of the excretory system.
Any disturbances in the work of the gastrointestinal tract adversely affect the condition of the hair. Lack of nutrition of hair follicles, the presence of toxins in the blood due to diseases of the digestive organs often causes hair loss or a significant deterioration in their condition.
This is especially true for diseases such as ulcerative colitis, acute gastritis and dysbiosis.
Side effect of medications
Taking certain medications causes a complete or partial baldness of the patient. The greatest alopecia causes chemotherapy in the treatment of cancer.
The treatment is aimed at the destruction of altered cells, but medications affect all tissues, including those responsible for the condition of the hair. When drugs are discontinued, the scalp on the head is completely restored.
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After childbirth and during breastfeeding, many women experience increased hair loss on their heads. Why it happens Curls are sensitive to any changes in the hormonal background of a woman. During pregnancy, their number increases on average by 10%, and in the postpartum period decreases approximately within the same limits.
Baldness due to the increased content of androgens, often hereditary, is characteristic of men. But there is alopecia in the male type and in women, the most likely cause in this case are hormonal disorders, less often – a genetic predisposition.
Another reason for hair loss is poor circulation in the scalp. When the quantity and quality of blood reaching the hair follicles is unsatisfactory, the hair does not receive the necessary dose of nutrients for normal growth, which leads to their depletion and loss.
For normal growth and renewal of the hairline, a wide range of trace elements is necessary – vitamins C, E and F, as well as almost all of the vitamins of group B. Therefore, if one or more elements are insufficiently obtained, the quality of the hair on the head leaves much to be desired. Long-term vitamin deficiency leads to the loss of curls.
Like anemia, latent iron deficiency often causes a complete or partial baldness of the patient. This is due to the insufficient supply of oxygen to the scalp due to general oxygen starvation, since iron is the main building material for hemoglobin, which is responsible for the delivery of this element.
One of the factors contributing to baldness is poor heredity. Along with color, we also inherit the quality of hair from our parents, as well as the genetic predisposition to their early loss.
By inheritance, in particular, androgenetic alopecia is transmitted, due to the presence of a high level of androgens. Male pattern baldness is characterized by hair loss primarily in the temples and the back of the head.
The rate of cell renewal and the production of substances necessary for life by the body directly depend on how the metabolic process proceeds. 80% of hair consists of keratins, which is based on protein.
In addition, for normal growth and timely renewal, hair needs more than 10 different vitamins and minerals. Therefore, curls are extremely sensitive to metabolic disorders.
Acute and chronic diseases
Chronic disorders in the functioning of the digestive system, liver and kidneys often lead to significant hair loss.
Acute infectious and viral diseases such as typhoid, scarlet fever, malaria, severe flu, syphilis and others also cause symptomatic hair loss. After recovery, the curls are restored completely.
Reducing the amount of hair in old age is a physiological norm. This is due to changes in the hormonal background of an aging person and a general depletion of the body’s resources.
But not all people in their old age go completely bald. How much and how quickly hair will become thinner with age depends on heredity, nervous system, living conditions, the presence of chronic diseases and bad habits.
Skin diseases of the scalp are a common cause of baldness.
Changes in the skin affect hair growth – due to scarring, excessive greasing, and other qualitative changes in the skin, the hair bulb cannot function normally, the hair dies without ever reaching the surface. Focal alopecia develops, which is accompanied by inflammation, itching, redness, peeling of the skin.
The most common cause of hair loss is dermatological diseases such as psoriasis, seborrhea, lichen and dermatomycosis (fungal infection).
Pharmacology against baldness
The drug minoxidil is recognized as one of the best means for external use against androgenetic type baldness in men and women.
Clinical studies conducted in the USA by more than 2000 patients showed that after 4 months of using the medicine, new hair began to grow in the subjects and their hair loss
completely stopped. It was also found that upon discontinuation of the drug, alopecia returns in previous volumes at approximately the same time – from 4 to 6 months.
In cases not related to hereditary baldness, chloromethylsilatran is popular. This silicon-containing substance contributes to the increase in the number of vessels in the area of application, as well as the production of glycogen and stimulation of hair growth. Used externally, including for baldness caused by aging, chemical and physical injuries of the shaft and hair roots, with oily seborrhea.
Vitamin and mineral complexes of synthetic and natural origin are quite successfully used for the prevention and treatment of alopecia, both externally and as nutritional supplements. They usually contain brewer’s yeast, copper, zinc, selenium, pantothenic acid, vegetable oils, vitamins and amino acids.
Often the reason why women have hair loss on their heads is the lack of trace elements. The modern pharmaceutical industry provides a wide selection of multivitamin complexes for the prevention and treatment of baldness: Alerana, Perfect, Vitrum Beauty and many others.
Almost every pharmaceutical company produces drugs for hair and nail growth. The standard course of admission is 2 months.
You can speed up the healing process with the help of additional fortification of curls from the outside. Experts advise mesotherapy of the scalp for these purposes.
The introduction of cocktails of nutrients and vitamins directly by injection into the scalp nourishes, heals and activates the hair follicles, which gives a very good effect in the fight against hair loss.
The specialist should select the composition of the injections and perform the procedure, it is categorically not recommended to conduct it at home.
Effective and vitamin masks, prepared independently. The recipe is very simple: mix 2ml (1 ampoule) of an oil solution of vitamin (A, D, E or all together) with a whole egg or yolk, apply to clean, damp hair, soak for no longer than 5 minutes, rinse with warm water. Apply 1-2 times a week.
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Homemade Hair Strengthening Recipes
You can improve the condition of your hairstyle with the help of masks of your own preparation.
Hot pepper contains essential oils and trace elements, which, when applied topically, stimulate blood circulation, which is beneficial for the nutrition of hair follicles. Used in the form of alcohol or water tincture in combination with other ingredients. Using pure pepper solution will cause irritation and itching of the scalp.
Since the warming effect is important, pepper masks are used with wrapping for 20-30 minutes before washing your hair (1-2 times a week).
Zinc, manganese, selenium, vitamin C, E, PP – all these and many other trace elements necessary for normal hair growth are present in an ordinary bulb. Rubbing onion juice into the scalp helps to successfully cope with dandruff and seborrhea, nesting baldness, as well as to strengthen hair follicles.
Minus onion rubbing – a sharp specific smell. You can avoid its appearance with the help of essential oils, lemon juice or banana pulp, added to the onion mask before use. In the case when these funds did not help and the smell remained, you can rinse your hair with diluted apple cider vinegar (2 tablespoons per 0,3 gallon of water)
Smear onion mixtures along the entire length of the curls is not necessary, these masks are designed to nourish the roots.
Egg kefir mask
A great option for feeding hair is a mixture of eggs and kefir. Eggs – a storehouse of amino acids and trace elements necessary for the growth of curls. Kefir cleanses the scalp and normalizes the sebaceous glands, as well as nourishes the hair, contains a large amount of protein and calcium, which is well absorbed in combination with lactic acid.
When using egg-kefir mixtures, the fat content of the sour-milk component is important – the drier the hair, the less fat the kefir is used.
Mask of burdock and castor oil
The uniqueness of castor oil in its composition: ricinoleic, linoleic and oleic fatty acids makes it easy to cope with dry skin, enhance cell regeneration. Burdock oil is rich in proteins and essential oils, contains palmitic and stearic acids, chromium, calcium and iron, and is also enriched with vitamins of groups A, C, E, P, and B.
Each of these oils is good in itself, but the simultaneous use of both greatly enhances the healing effect of their use.
General strengthening procedures
Beauty salons offer a number of specific procedures against hair loss, the most popular today are the following:
- ozone therapy – treating hair with an ozone-containing compound, or injecting it into the scalp, to increase the amount of oxygen received by the hair follicles;
- mesotherapy – subcutaneous injections of vitamins, vasodilators, antioxidants, etc .;
- plasmolifting – the introduction into the patient’s scalp of the patient’s plasma, saturated with the substances necessary for treatment, that is previously isolated from his blood. Impact – enrichment and purification of the bloodstream.
Each of these procedures is effective in its own way, has its own indications and contraindications, and must be coordinated with a trichologist before use.
At home, to improve blood microcirculation in the scalp, you can use self-massage with fingers dipped in castor or burdock oil, or an oil solution of vitamin E, and frequent combing with a massage hair brush will help.
Why not start to lose hair, physiotherapy and massage of the skin on the head invariably give good results in the fight against loss of curls in both women and men. General strengthening procedures help improve the circulation
of the scalp to improve nutrition and activation of the hair follicles.
Video clips: why women lose hair
Elena Malysheva will explain in detail why women have hair loss on their heads:
Why hair loss in women and men. Most likely causes: