Every person dreams of a clean and healthy facial skin, therefore imperfections in the form of age spots cause serious concern in people. Specialists of beauty salons and dermatological rooms can help with solving the problem. However, pigmentation on the face can be effectively and quickly removed at home.
- Causes of age spots on the face, the mechanism of occurrence
- Pigmentation in men
- How to quickly remove pigmentation at home
- Pharmacy preparations
- Hydrogen peroxide
- Boric alcohol
- Zinc ointment
- Cosmetic clay
- The best whitening creams
- Cream “Achromin”
- Cream “Melanativ”
- Cream “Skinoren”
- Cream “Neoton”
- Face cream “Vichy Idealia PRO”
- Cream “Skin Radiance”
- Cream “Green Tea”
- Faberlic Spot Lightening Concentrate
- Folk brighteners
- Honey mask
- Mask with egg and honey
- Lemon juice
- Liquorice root
- Cottage cheese
- Baking soda
- Apple cider vinegar mask
- Currant tonic
- Video about anti-age spots
Causes of age spots on the face, the mechanism of occurrence
Before proceeding to eliminate the deficiency, it is necessary to determine the cause of the formation of age spots.
|Pregnancy||During pregnancy, age spots, which doctors call chloasma, are formed against a background of hormonal failure, when the hormones estrogen and progesterone are activated, which are responsible for preparing a woman for future birth and breastfeeding. Under the influence of hormones, the secretion of melanin is increased, which is distributed unevenly in the skin. This leads to the appearance of chloasma in different parts of the body. They can occur at any stage of pregnancy, or they may not appear at all. However, after childbirth with the onset of the first menstruation, they usually disappear.|
|Ultraviolet||The harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation on the skin have long been known. A healthy person with a competent sunbathing regimen has nothing to worry about. However, in some people, the production of melanin in the body may be impaired, then instead of a beautiful even tan, light or dark spots appear on the body – vitiligo, chloasma, freckles. This happens due to malfunctioning melanocyte cells for a variety of reasons.|
|Heredity||Genetics plays a leading role in the appearance of moles and birthmarks on the human body. They are qualitatively different from other pigmentation in color, volume and density. At home, getting rid of such spots is categorically impossible. They are removed in medical institutions, while doctors take samples of the material to identify possible malignant tumors.
A predisposition to freckles can also be inherited.
|Hormonal diseases and disorders||Often the appearance of chloasma can cause diseases of an endocrine nature, which entail a hormonal failure. These include gynecological diseases, brain oncology, problems with the thyroid gland.|
|Skin injury||Pigmentation appears due to chemical and thermal burns of the skin, improper treatment of acne, furunculosis, after peeling. The number and color of spots depends on the individual qualities of the skin, the degree of damage to the integument.|
|Renal, intestinal, and biliary problems||Often, the appearance of pigments on the skin directly depends on the poor functioning of the human digestive system. With various pathologies of the kidneys, yellow and brown spots appear. Diseases of the stomach and intestines provoke the appearance of reddish spots. Brown pigmentation signals liver and gall bladder problems.|
|Mental illness, stress and neurosis||Chronic stress and mental illness can also cause increased skin pigmentation. In this case, the hormonal failure and metabolic disturbance in the body becomes the active mechanism for its occurrence.|
|Lack of vitamins and nutrients||Lack of vitamin C, iron and other trace elements useful for the body is often reflected on the skin. Correction of diet, intake of vitamin and mineral complexes, rejection of bad habits normalizes the body, and the spots disappear.|
|Response to pharmaceuticals||Uncontrolled or prolonged use of medications can also lead to deterioration of the skin. Longer intake courses may cause pigmentation.
and antibiotics and other toxic and potent drugs. In this case, it is necessary to notify the attending physician who will adjust the treatment.
In adolescents and people over 40, lentigo appears on the face, neck, hands, which indicate the incorrect production of hormones. This is a completely natural process for the body. But when the spots cause discomfort, you can lighten them yourself.
Also in adulthood, chloasma can occur on the skin, as a result of various chronic diseases. About their occurrence, you need to consult a doctor.
Pigmentation in men
Excessive pigmentation affects not only women, but also men.
Their pigment can be activated for a number of reasons:
- age-related changes;
- gastrointestinal diseases;
- taking medications;
- work with aggressive chemicals;
- the use of low-quality shaving products;
- frequent stresses.
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How to quickly remove pigmentation at home
To remove pigmentation on the face at home, quickly and efficiently, you can use:
- pharmacy drugs;
- cosmetic whitening products (creams, lotions);
- products and plants that are part of traditional medicine recipes.
Some types of age spots, such as lentigo, chloasma, freckles, are easy to lighten. Even if they do not disappear completely, the result will please – the skin tone will become more even and light.
This inexpensive pharmacy drug is another way to solve the problem. Use only 3% hydrogen peroxide solution. The easiest way to whiten the skin is to wipe the face with a cotton pad moistened with a solution. After the procedure, it is necessary to use a cream, as the substance dries the skin greatly.
Hydrogen peroxide interacts well with ammonia and lemon. To prepare the whitening lotion, you need to add 0.5 small tablespoons of ammonia or a few drops of lemon to a bottle with 3% hydrogen peroxide.
Moisten a cotton pad and grease pigmented areas twice a day. Also, compresses lasting 15 minutes can be applied to these areas.
Acetylsalicylic acid can also have a negative effect on the skin, so it is better to use it as part of home remedies for pigmentation.
For example, as part of a face mask. To prepare the product, it is necessary to crush 4 aspirin tablets, dilute the powder with 1 large tablespoon of cold boiled water, add 5 g of castor oil and spread on the face for 10 minutes.
You can also mix 3 tablets of aspirin with 2 large tablespoons of kefir. Helps to cleanse a scrub made from aspirin, sea
salt and honey. For the recipe, you need to mix 3 tablets of the drug, one tablespoon of salt and half a teaspoon of honey. 5 minutes is enough. gentle rubbing, and the effect will immediately appear on the face.
This drug, like hydrogen peroxide, has an aggressive effect, so it should be used only for oily skin, for people over 12 years old and, preferably, as part of face masks.
Boric alcohol in the composition of the cucumber mask can remove pigmentation on the face at home. For its preparation, one cucumber and a few drops of alcohol are enough. Mask for 15 minutes. After the procedure, moisturize the face with cream.
Zinc ointment or zinc paste – perfectly copes with skin problems. It consists of only 2 substances – petrolatum and zinc oxide. They help fight pigmentation.
However, when using zinc paste, it is important to observe several rules:
- do not use ointment for more than 2 months;
- Do not use with other bleaching agents.
The paste should be applied to problem areas of clean and dry skin twice a day with a thick layer for 30 minutes. After the procedure, remove excess ointment with a cotton pad.
This natural material is the most popular means for removing pigmentation, as it is absolutely safe for humans. Most often, white clay or kaolin is used in cosmetology.
To prepare the whitening mask, you need to take white clay, dilute in warm water and apply on face for 8-10 minutes. After the mask is washed off with water, a softening cream is applied. For washing, you can also use warm milk or a decoction of herbs.
The best whitening creams
Pharmacy creams, lotions, gels can remove pigmentation on the face at home. The most effective components include components that stop the production of melanin at the cellular level, help cell regeneration, and improve skin tone. These components are: retinol, hydroquinone, glycolic acid, arbutin and others.
However, some active substances of such drugs have high toxicity, therefore, before use, the product must be checked at the bend of the elbow.
To obtain a visible effect, some drugs must be used for a long time – from 3 weeks.
This is the most budgetary product from the category of whitening products. Its cost does not exceed $ 1,36.
For this money, the manufacturer – a Bulgarian pharmaceutical company – offers 65 g of a substance for the complex whitening of any age spots.
The active ingredient – licorice extract is able to cleanse the skin from pigmentation, blackheads, acne.
The cream also includes lactic acid, UV filters, glycerin, lanolin.
The combined effect of these elements makes the face tone more even and healthy, and the gentle composition allows you to use it with decorative cosmetics.
Kojic and glycolic acid, vitamin E, vegetable arbutin in the composition act gently and safely on the skin.
The cream effectively fights stains of various origins. Country of origin – Brazil. The price of Melanativ cream is on average $ 9,52 per tube of 15 g. However, the texture of the cream allows you to apply it on large areas of the skin for 1.5-2 months.
The main component of the product – azelaic acid, not only fights against various types of pigmentation, but also makes the skin less oily, exerting an antimicrobial effect. The effect of applying the cream becomes noticeable after a week of use. The cost of the drug made in Italy varies from $ 18 – $ 20. over 30 g
The preparation contains glycolic and salicylic acids, as well as licorice root extract, which effectively removes mild pigmentation. The cream is used as a daytime remedy, so it can be used for decorative cosmetics.
The visible effect of its use will appear in 2-3 weeks. The drug was made in France, the volume of the tube with cream is 1,01 fluid ounce. The average price is $ 27.
Face cream “Vichy Idealia PRO”
The product is available in the form of a serum cream, therefore, when applied, its active components penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin and contribute to the rapid restoration of its structure.
In addition to Vichy thermal water, the preparation includes licorice root extract, glycerin, caprylic, capric and linoleic acids. However, the manufacturer recommends applying it to sensitive areas of the body. The duration of the serum cream is from 7 weeks.
It can not be used with cosmetics. The drug belongs to the concern L’Oreal (France). Its value on the American market is about $ 41.
Cream “Skin Radiance”
The main component of the drug is cordyceps, a Tibetan mushroom that can only be found in China. However, the country of manufacture of this product is the United States. The molecular composition of the fungus contains a substance that has a whitening effect.
The cream also includes arbutin and about 20 varieties of amino acids and vitamins.
Thanks to this, the cream eliminates freckles in a few weeks, eliminates age-related pigmentation of the skin, rejuvenating the skin. A 1,69 fluid ounce tube can be purchased at the pharmacy or ordered online at a price of $ 14 – $ 20.
Cream “Green Tea”
The whitening effect declared by the Chinese manufacturer is achieved with the help of such components of the drug as arbutin, green tea extract, algae extract. With regular application, age spots are lightened already for 7-10 days. A single course of prima drug – no more than 2-3 weeks. The price of a tube containing 20 g of the substance is $ 6,8.
Faberlic Spot Lightening Concentrate
The active components of the drug – tetrahydrocurcumin, nicotinomide, arginine, panthenol and vitamin E remove uncomplicated pigmentation, relieve inflammation, and accelerate the process of skin renewal. The use of the cream as a day and night remedy leads to an improvement in two weeks. The price for 0,51 fluid ounce of concentrate is $ 5 – $ 7.
It is possible to remove pigmentation on the face at home quickly enough with the help of products that are in any kitchen. They use them every month for 2-3 days. You can use the same recipe, or you can use several in order. Some compounds can cause an allergic reaction, so before using them, you need to check them by applying to the bend of the elbow.
The clarifying properties of parsley gives a high content of vitamin C. It is best to fight against pigmentation plant juice.
To receive it you need:
- Grind parsley in a blender, squeeze the resulting mass through cheesecloth.
- Juice should be diluted with cold boiled water at a rate of 1: 1, as it is very concentrated and can harm the skin.
- The resulting tonic is rubbed on the face in the morning and evening.
Parsley is well combined with other bleaching products. For example, with kefir or potato starch.
To prepare a mask of parsley and kefir, which can be replaced with natural yogurt or sour cream, use 2 large tablespoons of chopped greens and the same amount of kefir, mix and distribute on the face. The mask is kept on the face for 15-20 minutes.
For a mask of parsley and starch, take 2 tablespoon of the ingredients. Starch should be diluted with warm water to a thick slurry, mixed with crushed leaves of the plant and applied to the face for 15 minutes.
Honey has whitening and cleansing properties, however, its use in pure form can harm the skin. It is better to use it as part of masks.
To prepare a honey mask with a strong brightening effect, you need to take in equal proportions:
- parsley greens;
- kaolin (white clay).
Before use, honey must be heated in a steam bath so that it becomes liquid, and the clay is mixed with water in a 1: 1 ratio. Combine all components and apply on face for 15-20 minutes.
Mask with egg and honey
For facial skin care, it is good to combine honey with an egg. Protein is better for oily skin, and egg yolk for dry and aging skin.
A mask of honey, yolk and any vegetable oil (linseed, castor, burdock) will help brighten age spots, tighten the oval of the face. To prepare it, grate 1 yolk, 1 large tablespoons of oil and 1 large tablespoons of honey, which must be heated in a water bath. Apply the mixture on the face for 15 minutes. With regular use, the skin of the face quickly acquires a healthy look.
For owners of oily skin, a mask of honey, protein and flour is more suitable, since honey cleanses the pores, and protein and flour remove the oily sheen.
- add 2 large tablespoons of flour and 1 large spoonful of honey to protein;
- whip and spread on the face, avoiding the area around the eyes;
- the term of the product is 15 minutes.
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Lemon is endowed with a whole complex of vitamins and minerals useful for the skin. In addition to vitamin C, a number of natural acids that make up its composition have a whitening effect. Using lemon juice is the easiest way to deal with age spots. For daily use, it is enough to moisten the cotton pad with lemon juice and wipe the face with it.
Aloe vera is widely used in cosmetology, since the plant has whitening, regenerating, moisturizing, healing and firming qualities. For therapeutic and cosmetic purposes, use the entire terrestrial part of the plant. Aloe is also added to home-made cosmetics – masks, tonics, means for washing.
For washing, you can use the following composition. In warm water, dilute 1 large tablespoon of lemon juice, honey and aloe juice. The product freshens the skin, provides it with the necessary trace elements. With daily use, the skin of the face acquires a healthy, even color.
This northern berry not only whitens the skin, but also treats acne, removes toxins and smoothes wrinkles. A rich complex of vitamins, organic acids, iron and essential oils helps this. And in terms of vitamin C, lingonberries can compete with lemon.
Effectively removes pigmentation on the face of a decoction for washing from lingonberries. For a decoction, take 10 g of the leaves or berries of the plant and 10,14 fluid ounce of water, boil for 8 minutes, then filter and cool. The broth can be added to water for washing, and can be poured into molds and frozen for daily rubbing of the face.
It is no coincidence that the plant bears such a name, as it fights against various diseases on the skin, including age spots. However, the use of juice in its pure form is unacceptable, since it contains aggressive components that can injure the epidermis.
To treat pigmentation, dermatologists recommend using the plant as part of ointments and decoctions.
To prepare the ointment, mix celandine juice with pharmaceutical vaseline in a 1: 3 ratio and lubricate the problem areas of the skin with the product. Store the ointment in a glass container in the refrigerator.
- A decoction of celandine is prepared at the rate of 0.5 tablespoon. fresh or dry grass for 4 tablespoon. water.
- Boil the liquid for 10-15 minutes, leave for 8 hours.
- Strain the broth and place in the refrigerator in a glass bowl.
- It can be used both for lotions on pigmented areas of the skin, and for oral administration of 1/3 tablespoon. in 20 minutes before meals thrice daily to maintain healthy liver.
Licorice (licorice) is a well-known field plant that grows almost throughout USA. In medicine, it is most often used as an antitussive. The plant is also widely used in cosmetology. Licorice root extract is part of almost all bleaching creams.
Lotion for pigment spots based on licorice root can be prepared at home:
- To prepare it, place 1 small tablespoons of crushed licorice root in a glass container and pour 1,69 fluid ounce of vodka.
- Infuse the liquid for 2 weeks, then strain the lotion and dilute it with cold boiled water to 8,45 fluid ounce.
- Wipe problem areas of the skin with lotion in the morning and evening until the desired result is obtained.
Cucumber is the most popular vegetable for improving complexion, since it has almost no contraindications. Only fruits grown with pesticides can harm.
A mask of fresh cucumber fights pigmentation, makes the skin fresh and toned, relieves swelling. To do this, on clean skin for 30 minutes. apply grated cucumber mixed with a few drops of 3% hydrogen peroxide. After the procedure, you do not need to wash yourself, just clean your face with a cotton pad.
Sour-milk products also help get rid of unwanted spots on the face and improve skin condition. For the preparation of brightening masks, it is good to use cottage cheese or sour cream. Important: the drier the skin, the fatter the product should be.
To prepare a mask of cottage cheese, you need to mix 2 small tablespoons of the product, 1 small tablespoons of sour cream, a few drops of 3% hydrogen peroxide and apply on the face for 10 minutes.
For a mask of sour cream, mix 1 large tablespoons of a high-fat product with 1 small tablespoons of freshly squeezed lemon juice and apply on the face for 15 minutes. To enhance the brightening effect in the mask, you can add chopped parsley greens in a blender.
The active substance of the product – sodium bicarbonate is able to lighten the skin and cure acne. However, it should be used with caution, since the aggressive components of the substance – sodium and coal salt can harm the epidermis. It is better to use soda as part of masks, compresses and scrubs.
To prepare the scrub, take 1 small tablespoon of sodium bicarbonate and a few drops of castor oil, the resulting mixture is massaged in problem areas of the skin for several minutes and washed off with water.
A mask of oatmeal and baking soda brightens and nourishes the skin well. To prepare it, you need to grind 20 g of oatmeal in a blender or coffee grinder, add 1 small tablespoons of soda and a little hot water to them. After the mixture swells, it is distributed on the face for 10-15 minutes.
Apple cider vinegar mask
The main effect of apple cider vinegar on the skin is peeling. When the product is applied to pigmented areas, keratinized scales containing melanin are removed. Due to this, the skin of the face becomes lighter and cleaner. The acids contained in vinegar can injure the skin, so for masks you need to use a 5% concentrate and dilute it with water.
- For oily skin, vinegar is diluted with mineral water or a decoction of herbs 1: 2, and for normal – 1: 4. Best for this is a decoction of calendula or chamomile flowers.
- For a decoction of 2 large tablespoons of dried flowers, pour 6,76 fluid ounce of water and boil for 8 minutes.
- After strain and cool.
- The gauze folded in 2 layers is moistened with the product, cuts for the eyes are made and applied to the face for 15 minutes.
- A gauze mask can be used several times, and the prepared product should be stored in the refrigerator.
A mask of apple cider vinegar, honey and flour helps well from pigmentation on the face. To prepare it, mix 4 large tablespoons of apple cider vinegar, 2 large tablespoons of oatmeal and 1 large tablespoons of honey. The mask is distributed on the face for 15-20 minutes, and then washed off with water.
Currant berries are known for their high content of vitamin C, therefore, also have whitening properties.
You can remove pigmentation at home with a tonic of redcurrant juice. To prepare the product, currant juice is diluted with mineral water 1: 1. This liquid is wiped on the face twice a day. Freshly prepared tonic for 3-4 days does not lose its beneficial properties if stored in a refrigerator.
Pigment spots on the skin rarely occur for no reason – most often these are symptoms of a malfunction of the body. To prevent their occurrence, it is good to wash your face with milk or whey, there are more products containing vitamin C, less likely to be in the sun.
But if this all the same happened, you can effectively and quickly remove facial pigmentation at home, combining the procedures with the treatment that the specialist will prescribe.
Video about anti-age spots
Pharmacy ointments for age spots and not only: