Mammoplasty is a reconstructive surgery to change the volume and shape of the breast, and restore the mammary glands.
Photos before and after mammoplasty with a description will be presented in the article below. This operation is today considered one of the most modern methods of giving the breast the necessary shape and volume.
- Indications for mammoplasty
- Small breasts
- Types of Implants
- In shape
- By density
- By material
- By texture
- Implant placement methods
- Placing the implant between the mammary gland and muscles
- Placement of the implant under the pectoral muscles
- Placement of the implant partly under the muscle
- Options for mastoplasty
- Classic mammoplasty
- Endoscopic method of implant placement
- Contraindications for surgery
- Mammoplasty results: before and after photos
- Possible side effects and complications. Why do they come and what to do
- Useful videos about mammoplasty with a description of specialists, photos before and after surgery
Indications for mammoplasty
There are several indications by which a woman can resort to breast correction surgery.
The main ones include the following:
- Not satisfied with the chest. The reasons may be the small size of the bust, the different volume of the glands. As a rule, for this reason, the surgeon resorts to implants.
- Breast resection for any medical reason. Then an implant is also used, but their more careful selection is necessary, since there is a chance to get an insufficiently natural appearance of the breast, for example, with the presence of asymmetry.
- Poor breast appearance after completing breastfeeding. Ladies usually do not require breast augmentation, but the restoration of the former elasticity of the mammary glands. The surgeon in this case installs not only implants, but also carries out a bust lift.
Some girls initially have a small breast size. In addition to all this, the chest may sag. The surgeon will help to solve both issues.
With the help of implants, the breast size that will suit all parameters will be selected and surgery will continue.
After the operation, a photo with a description of mammoplasty shows what the size of the breast was. After the procedure, it is noticeable how the bust increased.
It is possible to hide sagging breasts with the help of special bras, but not all women are satisfied with this method. Some scientists argue that the larger the chest, the more mastoptosis. But others say that everything depends on the elasticity of the skin of the chest.
This feature is incorporated at the genetic level , so if you want to know what kind of breasts a woman expects after pregnancy or after breastfeeding, the girl should look at her mother’s bust.
Three degrees of mastoptosis are distinguished:
- The projection of the nipple falls on the surface of the fold under the bust.
- The projection of the nipple is shifted down 0’8 inch from the crease, but the nipple is looking straight.
- The projection of the nipple is below the fold, and the nipple is looking down.
In the first and second degrees of mastoptosis, the surgeon uses only implants, in the latter case, a preliminary bust lift is needed.
With a disease such as breast cancer, the only solution is to get rid of the affected breast and part of the lymph nodes.
To correct the flaw that has appeared, a restorative operation is performed, where the removed breast is reproduced from its own tissue.
In some cases, an implant is used. It was previously believed that this type of operation should be done after some time after a mastectomy. But now during one surgical intervention, breasts are removed and revived simultaneously .
Thanks to this method, a single surgical intervention is performed, and general anesthesia has to be tested only once. It is also important that a woman does not need to walk with one mammary gland for some time, somehow mask this defect and feel uncomfortable because of this.
Typically, the surgeon uses tissue to bust from the back or buttocks. When the skin takes root, an implant is installed. After a tissue transplant, rare but serious complications are possible, such as a hernia (an organ protrudes) or a necrosis of the skin at the site of the chest.
Types of Implants
To date, there have been several types of implants. At the moment, third-generation implants are in use. They are considered better.
There are two main forms of implants: round and anatomical.
In turn, the first form is divided into two types:
- low profile, whose thickness is about 1’2 inch;
- high profile – the thickness is much larger.
Types of anatomical implants a little more. These implants will give a certain shape to the mammary glands due to the hydrogel contained inside, which may look unnatural.
Gel is used in implants, they vary in density, and come in the following types:
- soft, which resemble the skin of a bust, but the forms adhere poorly;
- dense, in which the appearance is preserved, but they look unnatural;
- softtouch: they are much denser than real breast tissue, but do not lose their appearance, like soft implants.
According to the material, gel implants and saline-filled ones are distinguished. There are combined implants, top coated with gel, and inside containing saline.
The advantages of this type of implant are the ability to adjust the size of the breast through the introduction of saline during surgery. But with sharp walking, the chest will make a specific sound, and if the prosthesis is damaged inside, the mammary gland can completely lose its shape.
Smooth and textured implants are distinguished by texture. The first type is mainly used in operations that restore the mammary gland. A distinctive feature is a good fixation.
The shell of this implant is made of a polyurethane sponge. The second type of prosthesis avoids consequences such as capsular contracture.
Implant placement methods
The implant can be in 3 different positions: between the mammary glands and the pectoral muscles, under the pectoral muscles and partly under the muscles. The placement method is chosen by the specialist , taking into account the wishes of the patient in the form of a bust, since each of the methods has its pros and cons.
Placing the implant between the mammary gland and muscles
- recovery time after mammoplasty is significantly reduced, the patient almost does not feel pain;
- after the operation, there will be no apparent edema;
- the prosthesis, which is located above the muscles of the chest, makes the bust visually larger;
- This type of implant is allowed for athletes, since it does not lose its shape when playing sports.
- does not hide under the breast tissue and the borders of the prosthesis are visible;
- there is a risk of sagging breasts due to the prosthesis dropping down and leading to breast tissue;
- stretch marks may appear;
- it’s hard to do a breast examination.
You can see above how a mammoplasty performed before and after in this section looks like a section. A photo with a description will help to understand the features of the process.
Placement of the implant under the pectoral muscles
With this implantation option, it is difficult to achieve the required breast size.
This occurs for the following reasons:
- the chest muscles press on the prosthesis, so there will be no significant visual enlargement of the breast;
- when moving with hands, the implants are able to displace;
- muscles of the chest are located above the folds of the bust, in turn, the prosthesis will be on the upper side of the chest, and this looks unnatural.
Placement of the implant partly under the muscle
In this case, more than half of the prosthesis will be located under the chest muscle. Thanks to the movements of the pectoral muscle, the gel will be in the right position. The bust will look natural.
- the chest looks natural and there will be a natural “slope”;
- there is no likelihood of sagging breasts;
- traces of the prosthesis are not visible, and it does not move during exercise.
- severe pain and swelling after surgery;
- a sufficiently long postoperative recovery period.
Above, you can see how mammoplasty looks before and after. The photo with the description of the scheme reflects the location of the implant with the approach under the muscle.
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Options for mastoplasty
Methods by which you can do a sufficient amount of breast augmentation or reconstruction.
The main ones include the following:
- Classical mammoplasty with prostheses.
- Endoscopic mammoplasty – using specialized equipment.
- Tightening and enlargement of the bust.
The operation is carried out in 2 ways:
- Perioscopic incision method.
- Section under the chest.
With a paralosal incision, the scar located on the skin where there is pigment will not be very visible. Also, with mammoplasty, it is possible to make the nipple’s halo smaller.
This method is not recommended for girls who still want to become pregnant and want to breastfeed, since surgical intervention can lead to disruption of the ducts of the breast.
An incision under the breast is more convenient for a specialist. But the disadvantage is that the sensitivity of the skin in this place may be lost. There will also be discomfort in wearing underwired bras that will usd the scar site.
How mammoplasty performed before and after by these two methods looks like shown in the photo with a description.
Endoscopic method of implant placement
This method involves the installation of an implant through an incision in the armpit. Thanks to specialized equipment, the prosthesis will then not move.
Contraindications for surgery
- some serious diseases, such as diabetes, diseases of the internal organs and heart;
- blood diseases;
- benign tumors in the chest;
- completion of breastfeeding less than a year ago;
- tendency to obesity.
Mammoplasty results: before and after photos
Photos with descriptions before and after mammoplasty are usually displayed on the sites of clinics. However, photos of the consequences after surgery can rarely be seen on such sites.
Possible side effects and complications. Why do they come and what to do
After surgery, a number of consequences are possible. Blood or fluid may accumulate around the prosthesis, which leads to the formation of a hematoma.
If a similar outcome of surgical intervention occurs, it is necessary to create an outflow of the contents of the cavity. In complex cases, a surgical solution to the problem is required.
After mammoplasty, capsular contracture may appear. There are cases when it is not very noticeable, but can significantly spoil the aesthetics of the mammary glands, then the removal of the prosthesis will be required. Reinstalling the implant does not guarantee that contracture will not form again.
As a rule, rupture of the prosthesis is very rare. When using implants of the latest generation, there are practically no cracks and tears, only with mechanical damage to the bust.
If there is a rupture of the established prosthesis of an earlier model, the contents first migrate between the skin and the front wall of the chest, then flows into the arm and silikoma forms. Then you need to remove the silicoma with its surrounding skin.
In the case of filling the implants with a biologically compatible gel, silicone is not formed, only the chest will fall.
Useful videos about mammoplasty with a description of specialists, photos before and after surgery
Mammoplasty: what it is, how it is carried out, where the implants are installed:
Specialist consultation before mammoplasty, patient reviews:
Mammoplasty before and after, photo with description: