Propylene glycol in cosmetics. Benefits and harm to hair, facial skin, rules for the use of funds

Many cosmetics contain Propylene glycol. It is used as a water-retaining agent, due to which the product retains its qualities for a long period of time.

What is propylene glycol, chemical formula

Propylene glycol is a viscous, slightly odorless liquid that has no color and is a petroleum product. Chemical formula: CZN802


  • 1,2-propanediol;
  • 1,2-dioxipropane.
Propylene glycol in cosmetics. Benefits and harm to hair, facial skin, rules for the use of funds
Propylene glycol – formula and features.

International name: PROPYLENE GLYCOL CAS No: 57-55-6.

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Useful properties of the substance

Propylene glycol has unique properties:

  • excellent solvent;
  • raises and lowers the temperature of liquids;
  • hygroscopic;
  • low toxicity;
  • extends the shelf life of goods;
  • destroys bacteria.
Application area Benefit
Medicine It has a bactericidal effect, has a softening effect on the skin, reduces swelling.
Cosmetology Propylene glycol in cosmetics helps to penetrate deeply into the layers of the skin, has a softening and moisturizing effect on the skin and curls, retains moisture.
Food industry As a food additive, E-1520 is used as an artificial flavor. Keeps freshness of a product, prolongs storage time.
Household Apply as a part:
  • antifreeze for vehicles;
  • traditional mix for electronic cigarettes;
  • antibacterial spray for rooms;
  • baby emollient cream.
Veterinary science Used as part of medical preparations for animals.

Examples of the use of Propylene Glycol and rules for the use of Propylene glycol in cosmetics is a solvent compatible with many ingredients, which is why it is most often used in such cosmetic products.

For instance:

  • means for washing your hair;
    Propylene glycol in cosmetics. Benefits and harm to hair, facial skin, rules for the use of funds
  • funds for styling curls;
  • dentifrices;
  • deodorants;
  • wet wipes;
  • cream for hands and face;
  • decorative cosmetics.

The substance is also used in medical preparations:

  • bactericidal and anti-inflammatory compounds for the treatment of certain diseases;
  • compositions for the restoration of wound surfaces after serious burns and more.

The substance is used in such foods:

  • in the composition of fat-free ice cream;
  • as a part of energy, nonalcoholic, low alcohol carbonated drinks;
  • as part of whiskey;
  • in the composition of flour products, sweets;
  • as a part of dye, flavoring, seasoning.


The chemical is often found in shampoos and balms for curls. Thanks to him, after washing they become softer and smoother. After perming or any dyeing, the hair becomes shiny, soft, and smooth. With curly curls, the substance will help prevent fluffy, and will also make each curl neat.

Propylene glycol will bring undoubted benefit to dry and brittle hair. In combination with oils such as olive, jojoba, almonds, it will restore them, increase elasticity and protect against damage.

A chemical can be found in such brands:

  • Garnier;
    Propylene glycol in cosmetics. Benefits and harm to hair, facial skin, rules for the use of funds
  • Shauma;
  • Pantene;
  • Estel and others.

Rules for the use of shampoo:

  • Before washing your hair, you need to comb the curls;
  • water temperature should be optimal;
  • hot water can not wash your hair;
  • the hair is first wetted, then the shampoo is foamed in the hands and applied to curls;
  • they wash their hair with massaging movements, then the product is distributed along the entire length of the hair;
  • rinse the hair until a creak appears, this is a signal that the hair is well washed with shampoo;
  • It is not recommended to wash your hair at night;
  • it is advisable to rinse your hair with a weak vinegar solution or acidified water after washing your hair;
  • Wrap the hair in a cotton towel and dry naturally.

Air conditioners

After shampoo, it is acceptable to use hair conditioner. The most popular is air conditioning – rinse aid.

It happens:

  • lightweight, apply regularly;
  • therapeutic, use 2-3 times a week;
  • regenerating, used as a mask.

As part of the product, propylene glycol helps the concomitant substances penetrate deeper into the layers of the skin.

Application Rules:

  • when using the express conditioner it is necessary to spray it on dry curls and leave it for the whole day. You can also spray the drug on the palms and moisten the curls with them;
  • after washing the hair, apply a few drops of the product to slightly moistened strands, then wait a little to wash off;
    Propylene glycol in cosmetics. Benefits and harm to hair, facial skin, rules for the use of funds
  • a protective agent must be applied to the tips and then move up;
  • conditioner is not applied to the roots.

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Hair styling

Moisturizing sprays, as well as emollient cosmetic oils, make curls obedient and smooth, as a result of which they are easy to comb.

Spray has the following properties:

  • moisturizes;
  • protects;
  • restores.

To save money, some manufacturers of hair styling products add mineral oils or lanolin
instead of natural ingredients. Also in the composition you can often find propylene glycol or glycerin. Due to these substances, a moisturizing effect is obtained.

A special effect can be expected from glycerin-based moisturizers in high humidity, as it is able to trap moisture from the air.

Propylene glycol in high concentrations is not used as a moisturizing effect in the composition of the products, since it draws moisture from deep layers of the scalp. For better penetration of the active components into the skin of the head and curls, a substance is used in small concentrations.

Propylene glycol in cosmetics. Benefits and harm to hair, facial skin, rules for the use of funds

The substance can be found in such brands:

  • Matrix
  • Garnier;
  • Londa.

Application Rules:

  • moisturizing spray should be applied to washed curls;
  • depending on the type of spray used on wet or dry curls;
  • two-phase compositions must be shaken before use;
  • first you need to comb the curls, then apply a spray;
  • it is not recommended to use a moisturizer in the process of laying with curling irons or irons;
  • when applying the product on dry curls, it is enough to sprinkle 1 time, on wet locks the procedure is repeated during installation.


Propylene glycol in the leading place in the list of ingredients is in the composition:

  • creams;
  • tonal foundations;
  • lipsticks;
  • lotions;
  • means for strengthening nails;
  • other cosmetics.

A special highest saturation can be seen in such tools:

  • shaving gel;
  • make-up lotion;
  • tanning products;
    Propylene glycol in cosmetics. Benefits and harm to hair, facial skin, rules for the use of funds
  • disinfecting wet wipes;
  • hygienic lotions;
  • cleaning paste for dental hygiene.

Thanks to him, when using foundation, the skin breathes. When using lipstick, the lips are moisturized.

Propylene glycol in the composition of cosmetics has the following actions:

  • extracts plant extracts: a substance is able to extract many valuable ingredients for cosmetics from medicinal plants;
  • creates microemulsions, due to it, fluid is retained, the skin is cleaned;
  • makes the skin soft and moisturized: the substance binds water molecules, as a result of which fluid is retained and forms on the surface layer of the skin and nail plate
  • preserves the product for a long time: as an emulsifier, it does not allow facial products to break down into composite ingredients. Without it, the oil and water layers in the lipstick or cream will separate, and microorganisms will appear between them, and the active ingredients will lose their activity;
  • prevents the spread of microorganisms in cosmetics, thanks to it you can prevent the development of pathogens;
  • increases the effect of the product.

In the composition of creams, the substance is found in the following series:

  • Nivea;
  • Dove;
  • “Clean line”;
  • “100 recipes of beauty” and others.


Propylene glycol is added to the toothpaste so that the components mix better. Also, due to its antifungal and antimicrobial properties, it is used in toothpaste as a preservative, and as a water-retaining component, that is, it prevents the drying of toothpaste during storage.

Rules for the use of toothpaste:

  • Before brushing your teeth, you should brush your tongue. You can use a regular teaspoon. It is important to clean the tongue after waking up to remove the accumulated overnight plaque;
    Propylene glycol in cosmetics. Benefits and harm to hair, facial skin, rules for the use of funds
  • the teeth must be brushed for 3 minutes, first they are brushed from the outside, then from the inside, and at the end of the procedure, the chewing teeth are brushed;
  • it is very important to brush your teeth before going to bed;
  • if possible, brush your teeth after each meal;
  • after drinking acid juice or eaten acid fruit, do not brush your teeth immediately, you must wait 30 minutes.


Propylene glycol in cosmetics dissolves the accompanying ingredients well.

Therefore, the substance is suitable for the manufacture of:

  • lipstick;
  • deodorants;
  • shampoos;
  • other personal care products.

Application Rules:

  • antiperspirants and deodorants are recommended to be applied only to clean and dry skin;
  • it is necessary to wash off the composition at the end of the day;
  • Do not use products on damaged skin;
  • do not use antiperspirant before sports activities;
  • the shorter the shelf life of the product, the better.

Personal hygiene products

Propylene glycol in personal care products helps to soften and moisturize the skin, while it does not remain sticky. It also helps to enhance the aroma.

Such funds include:

  • soap;
  • means for washing your hair;
  • tooth cleaner;
  • shaving agent;
  • tampons, pads;
    Propylene glycol in cosmetics. Benefits and harm to hair, facial skin, rules for the use of funds
  • wet wipes;
  • antiperspirant, deodorant;
  • gel for intimate hygiene.

Attention to labels

According to the standard, each manufacturer must indicate all the components that are part of the cosmetic product. In the first place on the list is what is most contained in the product, then the ingredients are listed in decreasing order of quantity.

Propylene glycol in cosmetics at the top of the list of ingredients means that its concentration is quite high. Indeed, without it, none of the elements can penetrate deep into the skin. Therefore, a cosmetic product will become useless.

The permissible content of this additive in the composition of cosmetic products is not more than 10%.

It is also worth paying attention to the fact that if in the everyday life of a woman there are no cosmetics for face care based on preservatives and parabens, and an allergic reaction does not go away, it is worth paying attention to the composition of the product.

Since cosmetics from the pharmacy network are 90% propylene glycol. With severe dermatitis, it is necessary to use only 100% natural remedies.

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Harm and toxicity o
f glycol for hair, face skin

At acceptable doses, the substance is harmless to the body.

However, if you use it in unlimited quantities, the following will happen:

  • acne in the form of large painful acne;
  • dehydration of the skin: first, the skin will be elastic and moisturized, then it will become thinner and drier, and wrinkles – more pronounced;
  • clogging of pores: on the surface of the skin, the substance forms a film that disrupts the gas exchange process, as a result of which rosacea and acne appear on the face;
  • allergic reaction: urticaria, dermatitis, Quincke’s edema, anaphylactic shock;
    Propylene glycol in cosmetics. Benefits and harm to hair, facial skin, rules for the use of funds
  • fragility and increased dryness of hair.

What will happen to a person with frequent use of propylene glycol products

With frequent use of propylene glycol products, nothing will happen to a person. Since the chemical is non-toxic and does not harm the body. Even if it is accidentally taken inward in large quantities, poisoning will not follow. In case of contact with skin, it is enough to rinse the area with water.

Alternative substances

The only alternative to propylene glycol at the moment is glycerin. It also acts as a solvent, thickener, humectant, or filler. However, most recently, the American company DuPont produced a new glucose. It was made from corn sugar, which was developed for cosmetic use.

This alternative is worthy of the current glycerin, as well as other oil glycols.

Propylene glycol is safe in cosmetics and does not cause any concern. It is also approved for use in children’s cosmetics. However, funds with propylene glycol are contraindicated in people who have an allergic reaction of the body (hypersensitivity) to this substance, so as not to harm their health.

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