Brown spots are an uneven distribution of the coloring component of the skin, which occurs under the influence of a number of factors. Remedies for age spots on the face help visually smooth the defect.
- How do pigmented spots look and what are they
- Causes of pigmentation on the face and hands
- The principle of action of cosmetic whitening products
- Dermo Antistress Chicco
- Garnier orquid vital
- Natura Siberica
- Vichy Remedies
- Sabainang Cream
- How quickly the effect after cosmetic creams is noticeable: customer reviews
- How do bleaching drugs work
- Retinoic Ointment
- Melanativ cream
- Skinoren ointment
- Ointment Belosalik
- Clotrimazole Ointment
- Cream Achromin
- The effectiveness of folk methods for removing pigmentation: results before and after
- Mask with cucumber
- Mask with starch
- Natural juices and essential oils against stains on the face
- Soda Remedy
- Celandine for age spots
- Means with parsley
- Lemon Whitening
- Licorice Root Against Pigmentation
- Oil Based Products
- How to prevent pigmentation – beautician tips
- Video about age spots
How do pigmented spots look and what are they
Human skin color depends on the amount of melanin that is yellow, brown, or black. Carotene, oxy- and deoxyhemoglobin can also change the pigmentation of the integument. The less coloring matter, the lighter the skin will be, the more – the darker. Pigmentation impairment depends on whether an excess or deficiency of the substance is observed.
Therefore, all manifestations of hyper-mowing can be divided into several types:
- hyperpigmentation of the eyelids;
- spots after acne;
- age spots;
The first are painted yellow-brown, have clear borders and an irregular shape. Freckles are found in girls with red or blond hair. Violation is characterized by the appearance of small spots around the eyes and nose. Moles are flat or protruding elements that differ in size and shape.
Lentigo – dark spots, up to black, have clear boundaries and rise above the level of the skin. With age, the synthesis of melanin is disrupted, which provokes the appearance of spots of different intensity of staining.
Hypopigmentation of the integument can also be of several types: vitiligo or albinism. In the first case, discoloration of body parts is provoked by taking medications, hereditary factors, and chemicals. Decreased staining for congenital reasons is a rare occurrence. Albinism is associated with a lack of melanin in the skin.
Causes of pigmentation on the face and hands
The appearance of a defect can contribute to:
- hormonal disorders;
- different number of blood vessels;
- metabolic disorders;
- taking certain medications;
- hereditary predisposition;
- hormonal contraceptive protection;
- cosmetical tools.
The principle of action of cosmetic whitening products
The remedy for age spots on the face and body contains substances that block the production of melanin. Because of this, the darkening of individual areas is less noticeable.
Cosmetics contain natural ingredients, some can be replaced with home-made analogues, but the effect is lower due to the fact that their composition is not balanced.
In order for the fight against hyperpigmentation to be successful, it is necessary to eliminate the factors leading to its appearance. If these are genetic causes, then it is impossible to influence them; only external manifestations can be smoothed out. Several stages are used to whiten areas with hyperpigmentation.
On the first, the top layer of the integument is exfoliated using peeling, the active components of which are:
- salicylic alcohol;
- ointment with mercury;
On the second – the synthesis of melanin is blocked, to help this task are:
- hydrogen peroxide;
- hydroquinone arbutin;
- some acids (kojic, ascorbic).
An ointment designed to fight problems on the skin of the house, reduces the synthesis of melanin, and also destroys the cells that produce pigment. It is necessary to study the composition of cosmetic products so as not to harm the integument.
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Dermo Antistress Chicco
Cream from a well-known brand that produces products for pregnant and lactating women.
Chicco products choose natural ingredients and have a gentle effect.
Active ingredients – jojoba oil, vitamins A and E, which have a complex effect:
Since pregnant women are often worried about chloasma, it is necessary to choose safe drugs that delicately help to cope with the problem. This cream is approved for use during gestation. Duration of use – until the manifestations disappear or a significant decrease, 2-3 weeks.
The active mass is applied to the cleansed face, gently rubbing it. The frequency of application is usually 2 times a day. During use, it is recommended to protect yourself from direct sunlight.
Garnier orquid vital
It contains the active ingredient – quinolone, which allows you to cope with age-related changes in the skin, areas of staining, evens out the tone and moisturizes it. An additional component that facilitates the texture of the cream is an orchid extract.
Garnier Orquid Vital is included in the list of the most effective means, but the active substance with prolonged use can damage the deeper layers of the skin.
- accelerates metabolism;
- restores damaged structures;
- has a nourishing effect on the integument.
The effect occurs in 10-14 days, is issued in a convenient form, in the form of a dispensing bottle . This prevents excessive consumption of cosmetics.
This is a American brand offering cosmetic products from organic components.
Natura Siberica offers:
- night mask with whitening effect;
- foam for washing;
- daily cream;
- peeling agent.
Thanks to a wide range of products, everyone can choose the right product for themselves. They help in cases where the violation occurs due to age-related changes.
In addition to the whitening effect, the tool provides:
- softening the cover.
The basic substance differs depending on the type of product:
- sea buckthorn;
- fir oil;
- extracts of cloudberries and other medicinal plants.
The method of application depends on the purpose for which the cosmetic composition is intended.
It takes about 2 weeks to feel the effect.
A cream with a brightening effect from this company based on thermal water is suitable for sensitive skin, it also contains:
- tea mushroom;
- salicylic acid;
- vitamin E.
Due to the dense texture, the product can be used instead of foundation. It has an antibacterial, anti-inflammatory effect, protects against ultraviolet radiation.
The period of application of the cream is 2-3 months, which is enough to fix the problem. The first results appear about 7 days, after a month the tone is lightened by 30%. The composition is applied to cleansed skin, in addition to the skin around the eyes.
This cosmetic product was developed in Asia, where women naturally have dark skin. Since this requires a particularly effective composition and great effort, creams and ointments in this area of production are most popular.
Sabainang is one of the latest in the cosmetics industry, contains:
- fruit and ANA acids;
- vitamin supplements (A, E, B);
- natural ingredients (needle, chestnut, centella asiatica, marigold flowers, grape seed oil extracts).
This composition allows you to inhibit the activity of melanocytes, to cope with the pigmentation of hormonal origin and due to the activity of the sun. The cream must be applied with light massage movements 2 times a day.
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How quickly the effect after cosmetic creams is noticeable: customer reviews
Remedies for age spots on the body and face help with regular use. How quickly the effect appears depends on the components that make up their composition, the degree of their activity. Many cosmetic formulations, despite the promising effects, are not as effective.
The average time after which discoloration of the pigmentation begins is 3-4 weeks.
How do bleaching drugs work
The remedy for age spots on the face, bought in a pharmacy, has several advantages compared to cosmetic products. Medicinal products undergo clinical trials, so the effect of the active substance is provided and prescribed in the instructions.
The drug acts on the mechanism of the violation, and does not mask the violation. The third, important factor – you can choose an ointment, which will have a significantly lower cost, compared with the products of the beauty industry.
Medicines act on the cells responsible for the synthesis of melanin, destroying them and reducing activity. Due to this, less pigment is collected under the skin, and the drug gradually reduces the intensity of staining of problem areas. This process requires less time than in the case of cosmetic products.
The remedy for various types of age spots on the face consists of isotretinoin.
This is an active fraction of vitamin A with:
- whitening action.
The drug eliminates peeling, fights with excessive activity of melanocytes. The ointment is prescribed for 4-6 weeks, it is necessary to apply 2 times a day to cleansed skin. Therapy lasts until the pigmentation disappears and for some time after that.
This composition contains several types of acids and alpha-arbutin, vitamin E, due to which it copes with spots of various origins. The cream exfoliates and cleanses the skin. Thanks to the nutritional components, it cares for the integument.
The remedy for age spots on the face of this series must be applied to the affected areas in the evening, the effect is achieved with regular use after 10-14 days.
The drug consists of azalic acid, which has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, keratolytic effects. It inactivates melanocytes, which begin to produce excess substances.
The course of therapy is 1-2 months, the ointment is applied to the whole face with a thin layer 2 times a day. If irritation occurs, it is necessary to resolve the issue of replacing the drug.
The effect of the drug is based on the action of salicylic acid and begamethasone. Ointment has a wide range of indications, can be used in children.
Therapy lasts 4 weeks, the medicine must be applied to the skin 2 times a day.
This remedy is prescribed for skin lesions with fungus and age-related pigmentation of the cover. It is recommended to apply the ointment 2-3 times a day, applying to cleansed skin.
The tool has imported and domestic analogues, consists of:
- several types of acids;
It takes 14-30 days to eliminate the signs of hyperpigmentation.
The tool is able to cope even with complex types of violations. The cream belongs to the category of high-speed, in addition to whitening provides protection from the active sun.
The effectiveness of folk methods for removing pigmentation: results before and after
From the description of cosmetics to eliminate hyperpigmentation, it is clear that many manufacturers use natural ingredients, acids from berries, fruits and vegetables. If there is no possibility and desire to purchase expensive drugs, you can use masks from improvised means.
They are effective against all types of pigmentation, but not all manifestations can be eliminated completely, as in the case of cosmetics. To elimi
nate stains in this way will require more time than when using pharmacy creams and ointments with a complex composition. The concentration of acids in natural products is less, therefore, the effect is less.
Mask with cucumber
Cucumber moisturizes and nourishes the skin, making it well-groomed. The bleaching effect is greater if the mass consists of several components.
One example of such a remedy is a grated cucumber with the addition of sour cream, parsley, lemon juice. The composition is applied to the skin for 20 minutes, then washed off. It is necessary to apply 3 times a week until the effect.
Mask with starch
1 teaspoons starch is diluted with lemon juice, applied to problem areas. The mask is left for 20-25 minutes, then washed off and a moisturizer is applied. The effect is noticeable after 4-6 weeks of therapy, the frequency of procedures depends on the type of skin, age.
Natural juices and essential oils against stains on the face
Essential oil can be added to other formulations to discolor the cover, or used as the main active ingredient added to a greasy base (lanolin, for example). Another way to use active natural formulations is to add a few drops to the cream for daily care.
Essential oils are suitable:
- grape seed;
Natural juices contain a high concentration of acids and active substances. Therefore, compresses with freshly squeezed liquid quickly tightened, provide discoloration of darkened skin.
Sodium bicarbonate effectively copes with spots. There are several ways to apply soda to the skin. In the first case, the powder must be mixed with water to the state of gruel, add lemon juice and apply 2-3 times a day to the foci of staining.
The second method is more aggressive, involves mixing bicarbonate with sour cream and hydrogen peroxide. The mixture is applied to problem areas, washed off after 15 minutes. This method is suitable for use no more than 2 times a week.
With the help of a powder, peeling can be done, that is, peeling the surface layer of the integument. To do this, mix the shaving agent with 1 teaspoons. soda, applied to pre-steamed skin with hyperpigmentation, after 15-20 minutes, massage and rinse.
Celandine for age spots
Experts believe that celandine occupies a leading position among methods of removing pigmentation in folk ways. The plant is poisonous, so you need to get the active substance and observe the dosage. The cover 1-2 times a day should be treated with pure juice or herb oil.
To obtain an ointment, pharmaceutical vaseline is mixed with the secretion of the plant. It is applied 2 times a day to pigmented areas. You can use tincture to wipe the face, the plant is twisted through a meat grinder, squeezed juice with gloves in hands, mixed in a proportion of 1 part of vodka and 2 plant bases, stored in a dark place.
Means with parsley
Spice due to the high content of antioxidants and active essential oil the way to deal with:
- signs of aging;
- age-related changes;
- dark spots.
To prepare an active mask, chopped greens are mixed with sour cream, starch and cottage cheese, applied to the face and removed after 10 minutes. The composition of the product may be different: the only auxiliary component in this case is kefir or yogurt.
For alcohol lotion, pour the spice with vodka or alcohol, insist 2 weeks, strain and wipe the face. The grass can be used without additives, for which a pulp of shredded greens is applied to the face.
The fruit contains acids that help fight skin imperfections.
It can be used in various ways:
- Squeeze lemon juice and wipe the dark areas.
- Grate the zest and use as a scrub, applying with massaging movements.
- Mix the pulp with honey and apply as a mask on the skin, rinse after 15-20 minutes.
- Use a mixture of cream, peroxide and pulp or fruit juice.
- Mix with cucumber juice, wipe the age spots.
Effective means to combat colored skin can be combined with each other, which will enhance the effect.
Licorice Root Against Pigmentation
Healing plant reduces swelling on the face, has a whitening effect, prevents the appearance of wrinkles. The root purchased in a pharmacy is poured with boiling water, it is insisted, after which the darkened areas are wiped with a cotton pad. For processing, you can use ready-made licorice root syrup.
Oil Based Products
Inexpensive pharmacy products help to cope with disorders: dry skin, hyperpigmentation, lethargy, lack of collagen. Cold-pressed castor oil is suitable for whitening, which is mixed with other active ingredients and applied to the face like a mask.
During the treatment period, it is necessary to avoid visiting 3 hours after the procedure. The effect of oil therapy occurs after 2-3 months, and it takes 6 months to fight complex spots.
How to prevent pigmentation – beautician tips
If there is a possibility of the appearance of dark patches of skin or a recurrence of the condition after treatment, then the rules must be followed:
- With light skin or a tendency to freckles, a cream with UV protection is applied to the face.
- Do not visit the solarium.
- Do not stay in the active sun for a long time.
- Use vitamins that prevent the activity of melanocytes.
- In summer, use sunglasses and a hat.
When dark spots appear on the face and body, it is necessary to take all measures to eliminate them. Remedies for age spots of cosmetic and medicinal origin will come to help. They improve the condition of the integument, reduce the appearance of defects on the face, nourish and care for the skin.
Video about age spots
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