According to statistics, about 80% of people (ages 12 to 25 years) around the world are prone to acne. And among young people over 25, this trend reaches 35%. In order to get rid of blackheads on the face, it is first necessary to determine the cause, since the treatment will depend on it.
- Causes of acne on the face
- How do acne remedies work
- Acne classification
- Top 10 Effective Acne Remedies
- Garnier Pure Leather Asset Special Line
- Vichy normaderm hyaluspot
- Boro Plus
- Ichthyol ointment
- Folk ways
- How to choose the right tool
- Interesting videos on effective ways to get rid of blackheads
Causes of acne on the face
There are many factors that cause the appearance of acne, from external influences to poor health.
- transitional age (adolescents during puberty) due to changes in hormonal levels;
- irrational and poorly balanced nutrition (lack of vegetables, fruits, excess flour, sweet and fatty foods);
- lack of vitamins in the body (as a result of metabolic disorders);
- allergic rashes on the used cosmetic and medicinal substances (for example, in the treatment of baldness, acne often develops on the forehead);
- excessive use of decorative cosmetics, as well as low quality products (including expired products);
- illiterate facial skin care or lack thereof;
- regular application of irritating or inappropriate creams, alcohol-containing lotions, scrubs, masks;
- smoking abuse;
- the use of sports doping in the form of steroids for building muscle mass;
- adverse indoor climate (high humidity + high air temperature);
- decrease in the body’s defenses (immunity);
- hereditary factor;
- a combination of several of the above reasons at the same time.
How do acne remedies work
Since acne, acne, acne and gums are a consequence of disturbances in the sebaceous glands of the skin with active reproduction of bacteria, clogging of pores, redness, soreness and swelling, these processes must be addressed to stop the disease.
Acne drugs by their mechanism of action are:
- Cleansers , the purpose of which is to wash off sebum with epidermal scales, dissolve gums and cleanse the pores. These are gels for washing (Klerasil and Garnier), scrubs (Garnier), steaming masks (Propeller), sticky strips (Nivea and Propeller).
- Drying , which act on the inflamed areas locally and “cauterize” pimples. The constituent components are often zinc compounds (Curiosin, Tsindol), alcohol compounds (Chlorophyllipt).
- Anti-inflammatory + antibacterial substances. The main task is to destroy the harmful bacteria and stop the spread of the disease. Their composition includes antibiotics (Zenerit), plant complexes (Boro plus), salicylic acid (Clearasil) and azelaic acid (Skinoren).
- Wound healing drugs that normalize the oily type of the skin, restore epithelization and blood supply, heal scars and the effects of acne (Vichy Normaderm Hyaluspot, Differin).
Existing preparations from skin imperfections can also be divided into: cosmetic products from non-food stores (substances for washing the face, masks, lotions) and medicines from pharmacies prescribed by the doctor (creams, gels, ointments).
|Classification and feature of various forms|
|substance form / characteristic||how to apply||frequency of use||a course of treatment||when the effect is noticeable||features|
|face wash lotion||on clean skin after washing under a cream||twice a day||not less than 1 month||in 3-5 days||cleanses the outside, can not cope with deep foci of inflammation|
|acne topical lotion||point for each pimple||twice a day||a few days||2-3 days later||not suitable for large acne areas, time-consuming application process|
|cream||over the entire affected area||daily||from 1 month||after 2-4 weeks||may cause allergic reactions|
|ointment||zoned to inflamed areas||according to instructions||from 2 weeks||after 1-2 weeks||not applied under makeup, applied in a thick layer|
|shower gel||lather and wash your face||morning and night||constantly||after 2-4 weeks||good for washing off dust, sebum, but does not cure|
|black dots scrub||on a cleansed face in a circular motion||Once a week||constantly||after first use||can not be used for ripening and painful acne|
|gum strips||stick to a cleaned and moistened forehead, nose, chin||2-4 times a month||constantly||right away||painful stripping, quick and deep cleansing of sebaceous plugs|
|mask||for the entire problem area, leave for 15-20 minutes and rinse||weekly||1-2 months||after 2-4 procedures||dries and cleanses, apply in complex treatment|
Top 10 Effective Acne Remedies
Clearasill and Garnier experts, who offer a wide range of skin imperfections, know how to get rid of blackheads on the face in a short time, using exclusively medical cosmetics.
A series of 3 cosmetic products. The manufacturer is Reckitt Benkizer, UK.
Distinctive product features:
|Drug / Properties||Shower gel||Ultra quick action cleansing gel||Antibacterial lotion for deep cleansing of oily skin|
|working component||salicylic acid||allantoin|
|actions||cleanses, removes oily sheen, relieves inflammation||cleanses, normalizes the secretion of sebaceous glands, reduces inflammation||tightens pores, destroys bacteria, softens|
|how to apply, course||daily morning and evening. Apply by massage in a moist face, bypassing the area around the eyes, rinse with water. Use before recovery||twice a day. After washing, wipe the face moistened with a solution of tissue. Do not flush. Apply for a long time.|
|volume||5,07 fluid ounce||5,07 fluid ounce||200ml|
The price range of 1 bottle ranges from $ 3 – $ 5.
The effectiveness of Clearasil cosmetics has been proven by a long history of existence (since 1950), the leadership of the innovation market for young people. Since this is the first line of youth skin care products in the world based on the proven high effectiveness of salicylic acid (penetrate deeply into the pores of the face and cleanse).
According to the manufacturer, Clearasil brand products help get rid of inflammation and reduce acne on the face in 12 hours, as it has an instant effect. The price of products ranges from $ 4 – $ 5.
Garnier Pure Leather Asset Special Line
A series of products for problematic skin of girls and boys with high fat content. The manufacturer of cosmetics is the French company Loreal. The assortment is wide enough (scrub, face wash gels, tonic, mask, cream).
Overview of the assets of the Asset line:
|products / properties||working component||actions||how to apply||volume|
|Exfoliating scrub||coal||deep cleansing of pores from dirt and excess sebum, reduces black spots||once a week||5,07 fluid ounce|
|Clean skin Asset 3 in 1 with charcoal||salicylic alcohol + charcoal + blueberry extract||3 actions: cleanse, reduce pores, remove shine||2-3 times a week||5,07 fluid ounce|
|Ultra Cleansing Gel||salicylic alcohol + charcoal + blueberry extract||cleaning the surface of the skin from dirt and grease||daily||6,76 fluid ounce|
|Deep cleansing gel||salicylic acid + extracts of pomegranate, grapefruit, eucalyptus||daily||6,76 fluid ounce|
|Exfopro face gel with brush||2% salicylic alcohol||everyday||5,07 fluid ounce|
|Matting tonic||salicylic alcohol||pore cleaning, drying, pore narrowing, matting||constantly||6,76 fluid ounce|
|BB cream against imperfections||salicylic acid + dimethicone||tones, mattifies, moisturizes, tightens pores, protects from sunlight||of necessity||1,69 fluid ounce|
Garnier also prefers the use of salicylic acid, plus it enriches with natural plant components for greater efficiency of the products. Due to its affordable price, widespread use, and narrow lines for every skin type and age, the brand has achieved recognition and has won many fans around the world.
The cost of one bottle of funds varies in the range of $ 3 – $ 5. How to get rid of acne on the face with an oversensitive type of skin, you need to find out from an allergist. After conducting a series of tests, he will determine those components that should be avoided in contact with cosmetics.
Vichy normaderm hyaluspot
Therapeutic cosmetic product of a well-known French company. Refers to the section “caring cosmetic
s”. It has a powerful composition of high concentrations of hyaluronic, salicylic and lipo-hydroxy acids.
- elimination of harmful bacteria;
- smoothing skin irregularities;
- creation of a protective film.
How to use: a little agent is applied locally to problem areas with an applicator in the morning and at night. The course of treatment is individual. According to the manufacturer’s declared effectiveness, after 2 hours, almost 100% of the bacteria are eliminated, and after 2 days, acne becomes half as much.
Based on the reviews left about the use of the product, many complain of severe itching and burning, intense redness and peeling of the skin, while the problem of acne is not solved. It is also indicated that more visible effect is manifested in tandem with lotions of the same company. Available in a soft tube with a volume of 0,51 fluid ounce. Price variations from $ 13 – $ 16.
Under this name, 3 gels with benzoyl peroxide are immediately produced for the treatment of acne, but in different concentrations, namely 2.5%, 5% and 10%. All helium substances have the same therapeutic effects (antibacterial, improved blood supply to tissues, decreased secretion of the sebaceous glands), but the concentration is selected based on the severity and neglect of the problem.
Production company Halderm Laboratory, France.
How to use: lightly touching, evenly apply the gel to the problem area in the morning and evening. Particularly sensitive patients should be used only at bedtime. A noticeable improvement is visible after 4 weeks of treatment, the optimal course is 3 months.
The consequences are dry skin, redness, desquamation of scales, burning. It is forbidden to use Baziron for children under 12 years of age and with drug allergies. The price of the drug in pharmacies starts at $ 10,88.
Ayurvedic creams of two types (that is, from traditional medicine of India). The oldest cosmetic products with a rich herbal composition and a wide spectrum of action. On the shelves of pharmacies you can see green and lilac miniature tubes.
Differences of Boro creams plus:
|structure||aloe vera, neem, basil, licorice, turmeric, zinc oxide||zinc oxide, extracts of sandalwood, aloe, margose, ginger lily, neem, boric acid, vetiver, turmeric, basil, licorice|
|structure||light texture, white, with the smell of grass||more dense, oily, with a pronounced herbal smell|
|act||antiseptic, antipruritic, inflammation reduction, antifungal|
|destination||acne, cuts, abrasions, large and small rashes of various origins, dermatitis, diaper rash, burns, frostbite, the effects of insect bites. It is possible for children and pregnant women.|
|how to apply||externally to problem areas, 2 times a day|
|treatment duration||1-2 months|
|possible unwanted actions||local allergic reaction|
|in which cases it is impossible to apply||with intolerance to the constituent ingredients|
|packing||25 g||25 g|
|price||$ 0,68 – $ 1,4||$ 0,82 – $ 1,4|
Creams are similar to each other and differ only in structure. Since the manufacturer does not name the quantitative dosages in the formulations, it is difficult to conclude which one is more effective against acne. Creams have been sold for many years, they are cheap and there is in any pharmacy, which is why they have a large circle of fans.
The only drug in this ranking based on the antibiotic. The composition includes: erythromycin, zinc acetate. It is produced in the form of a powder for the preparation of a solution for external use, with a volume of 30 g. Purpose – treatment of acne. Apply enough twice a day for 12 weeks.
It is likely that after 10 days of use, the effect may decrease due to the appeared resistance of bacteria to this antibiotic, then it is necessary to change the medication. Those who have experience of treatment with Zineritis respond only positively. That is why it is so popular with dermatologists.
Produced by the European company Astellas Pharma. Approved for use by adults and children from 12 years old. The price of Zenerit was established in the range of $ 9 – $ 10 for 1 bottle, which must be used for 1 month.
A cream or gel medication for external use. The main ingredient is adapalene. The cream is more saturated with complementary components, due to which the skin is moisturized and nourished, and it dries less, unlike the gel.
Produced by the French pharmaceutical company Laboratoires GALDERMA, which specializes in the creation of medical cosmetics.
How Differin works:
- normalizes the rate of epithelialization of cells;
- eliminates hyperkeratosis;
- reduces oily skin;
- relieves inflammation;
- dissolves sebaceous plugs and does not allow the formation of “black dots”.
It is used both independently for mild acne and in complex treatment for moderate disease. How to use: apply to the areas of inflammation with a thin layer, do not usd daily, before bedtime. Avoid contact with lips and eyes. Positive dynamics of treatment is observed after 1 – 2
months of continuous application.
To consolidate the achieved effect, 3 months must be treated. As discomfort, irritation, dryness and itching are possible. You should not choose Differin if there is an increased sensitivity to any component. The cost of the drug is from $ 8 – $ 11 per 30 g package (the only volume produced).
This medication is purchased exclusively in pharmacies. It is an anti-inflammatory and bactericidal agent that accelerates the maturation of boils and reduces pain sensitivity. It is prescribed to patients over 12 years old with deep skin problems, such as furunculosis, eczema, psoriasis.
Available in the form of an ointment, containing 10 or 20% ichthyol, has a strong specific smell. The course of treatment is determined individually by a dermatologist. Among admirers of simple folk remedies, ointment is very popular, reviews of some people sound like a “miracle cure”. Liniment is produced by various pharmaceutical companies in USA. It costs 1 pack of about $ 1,36.
A drug produced in two dosage forms: gel and solution. The active ingredient is zinc hyaluronate. Production of the Hungarian company Gideon Richter-RUS.
Comparison of gel and solution:
|Curiosin Gel||Curiosin solution|
|active ingredient||zinc hyaluronate 15.4 mg||zinc hyaluronate 20.5 mg|
|appearance of the medicine||colorless, odorless gel||viscous clear solution|
|act||antimicrobial, stimulating, wound healing|
|indications for use||all forms of mild to moderate acne||poorly healing wounds, ulcers, fistulas, bedsores|
|how to apply||spot on acne twice a day||locally on the damaged areas 1-2 times a day, apply a bandage on top|
|treatment duration||before cure|
|possible unwanted actions||burning, tightening effect, allergic rashes or redness|
|in which cases it is impossible to apply||with intolerance to the constituent ingredients, when carrying a child and breastfeeding|
|packing||15 g||0,34 fluid ounce|
|price||$ 7 – $ 8||$ 7 – $ 7|
A feature of this drug is the presence in the formulation of hyaluronic acid, known for its rejuvenating properties in the fight against wrinkles. However, here it performs the function of preventing scar formation.
According to reviews using these drugs, about 50% of people have a positive trend in acne skin treatment. A marked effect is noted with prolonged use and an excellent result when restoring skin irregularities, as well as eliminating the residual effects of acne. Dissatisfaction is also expressed in the high cost of the medication, especially with long therapy.
A pharmacy drug (gel and ointment) was created specifically for the treatment of all types of acne, areas with increased pigmentation of the skin and seborrhea (a chronic disease of the skin and sebaceous glands). When applied externally to the affected areas, it fights inflammation, soreness, destroys bacteria, and reduces the excessive production of skin pigment.
Comparative characteristics of manufactured dosage forms:
|Skinoren Gel||Skinoren Cream|
|active ingredient||10% azelaic acid||20% azelaic acid|
|appearance of the medicine||turbid homogeneous mass, white or yellowish||denser matte white substance|
|act||inhibit the growth of bacteria, remove the inflammatory process, dissolve sebaceous plugs in the “black spots”, normalize the process of cell renewal|
|indications for use||all kinds of blackheads||acne + seborrhea + hyperpigmentation|
|treatment duration||from 2 to 6 weeks||in the acute phase 2-4 weeks|
|possible unwanted actions||itching, tingling, redness, burning, allergic rashes, dryness of the treated areas|
|in which cases it is impossible to apply||with intolerance to the constituent ingredients|
|packing||5, 15, 30, 50 g||30 g|
|price||from $ 10 – $ 20||$ 14 – $ 17|
en gel penetrates deeper into the skin and works faster than cream. However, with prolonged treatment, the effectiveness of both forms is similar. The cream is often prescribed to people with a wide lesion zone and in the acute phase of acne ripening. Then it is recommended to switch to gel.
For patients with moderate or mild symptoms of acne, dermatologists and cosmetologists recommend using the gel, especially since it can be applied under makeup. With daily use for 2-6 weeks, the problem is solved for a long period of time, which indicates the high efficiency of azelaic acid.
How to get rid of blackheads on the face with home remedies, fans of herbal medicine and traditional healers know for sure.
Here are their best recipes:
- Tincture of calendula. Mix 2 tablespoon. dried calendula flowers + 1,69 fluid ounce of alcohol 40% + 0,68 fluid ounce of water. Leave for 2 days to insist. Add 5 g of 5% boric acid. Strain through cheesecloth a couple of times and pour 0,14 fluid ounce of glycerin. Wipe the face with the finished mixture every other day.
- Cucumber lotion for oily oily skin. Grate the fresh cucumber and pour 6,76 fluid ounce of vodka. Insist in a dark place for 1 week. Then apply to acne daily 1 time.
- Forbidden infusion. 1 tablespoon. l mint + 3,38 fluid ounce of boiling water. Leave for a quarter of an hour. Strain. Add 1 large spoonful of infusion of calendula, boric alcohol + 1 teaspoons. lemon juice. With a ready-made solution, wipe acne daily.
- Honey mask for inflammation. 2 teaspoons honey + 1 teaspoons lemon juice. Apply to a clean face every other day, leaving for 20 – 30 minutes and rinse.
- Onion-honey mask. Onion juice + honey in a ratio of 1: 1. The fresh mixture is applied to acne for half an hour. Repeat daily for 2 weeks.
- From the “black dots”. Peel 1 tomato and make gruel + a few drops of olive oil +? teaspoon of starch. To mix. Apply for 15 minutes every 3 days.
How to get rid of acne on the face with a hormonal imbalance, only a qualified endocrinologist knows who will direct for diagnostic tests (venous blood), and prescribe corrective treatment based on the results. Self-medication in this case may be inconclusive or exacerbate the process.
How to choose the right tool
The first thing you should start with is to determine your skin type, all treatment will depend on this. And if the skin is dry, it will be more difficult, since most drugs have a drying effect (therefore, you will have to look for moisturizers and ointments or prepare them yourself).
Tips for choosing:
- to cleanse the face, choose cosmetics for sensitive skin, without dyes and fragrances, to reduce the risk of irritation;
- during the first application, test for allergies in a small area (if discomfort appears, change the product);
- choose means for spot application, if there are not enough blackheads. Otherwise, select several differently directed products from the same line (tonic, mask, cream);
- Do not believe the manufacturers who promise to get rid of the disease in 1 day (treatment of even a single acne requires 5 -7 days);
- if in doubt about the correct choice, consult a qualified cosmetologist or dermatologist.
Additional advice from a dermatologist:
- people with oily skin should not eat fatty foods and drink hot drinks, as this activates the sebaceous glands;
- avoid depression, as they lower immunity and can trigger an exacerbation of acne;
- mechanical cleaning with hands is better to replace with ultrasonic cleaning, it is less traumatic;
- it is necessary to wash yourself with boiled water or cleansing tonics with the infusion of medicinal herbs (running water contains salt irritating the skin);
- Upon returning home, do not delay the removal of cosmetics or washing at night, it is better to do this immediately (the risk of the formation of new comedones is reduced);
Using pharmacy medicines, you can quickly get rid of blackheads on the face, as they are concentrated and purposefully solve the problem. And as a preventive measure, cosmetics are ideal. It is important to remember that it is worthwhile to approach the solution of the problem comprehensively and not to seek one universal remedy for everyone.
Interesting videos on effective ways to get rid of blackheads
Folk remedies for acne:
Top 5 acne and acne remedies: